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Pukaluk, A; Wolinski, H; Viertler, C; Regitnig, P; Holzapfel, GA; Sommer, G.
Changes in the microstructure of the human aortic adventitia under biaxial loading investigated by multi-photon microscopy.
Acta Biomater. 2023; 161:154-169 Doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2023.02.027
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Sommer Gerhard
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Regitnig Peter
Viertler Christian

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Among the three layers of the aortic wall, the media is primarily responsible for its mechanical properties, but the adventitia prevents the aorta from overstretching and rupturing. The role of the adventitia is therefore crucial with regard to aortic wall failure, and understanding the load-induced changes in tissue microstructure is of high importance. Specifically, the focus of this study is on the changes in collagen and elastin microstructure in response to macroscopic equibiaxial loading applied to the aortic adventitia. To observe these changes, multi-photon microscopy imaging and biaxial extension tests were performed simultaneously. In particular, microscopy images were recorded at 0.02 stretch intervals. The microstructural changes of collagen fiber bundles and elastin fibers were quantified with the parameters of orientation, dispersion, diameter, and waviness. The results showed that the adventitial collagen was divided from one into two fiber families under equibiaxial loading conditions. The almost diagonal orientation of the adventitial collagen fiber bundles remained unchanged, but the dispersion was substantially reduced. No clear orientation of the adventitial elastin fibers was observed at any stretch level. The waviness of the adventitial collagen fiber bundles decreased under stretch, but the adventitial elastin fibers showed no change. These original findings highlight differences between the medial and adventitial layers and provide insight into the stretching process of the aortic wall. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: To provide accurate and reliable material models, it is essential to understand the mechanical behavior of the material and its microstructure. Such understanding can be enhanced with tracking of the microstructural changes caused by mechanical loading of the tissue. This study provides therefore a unique dataset of structural parameters of the human aortic adventitia obtained under equibiaxial loading. The structural parameters describe orientation, dispersion, diameter, and waviness of collagen fiber bundles and elastin fibers. Eventually, the microstructural changes in the human aortic adventitia are compared with the microstructural changes in the human aortic media from a previous study. This comparison reveals the cutting-edge findings on the differences in the response to the loading between these two human aortic layers.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Humans - administration & dosage
Elastin - chemistry
Adventitia - administration & dosage
Microscopy - administration & dosage
Aorta - administration & dosage
Collagen - administration & dosage
Stress, Mechanical - administration & dosage
Biomechanical Phenomena - administration & dosage

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Human aortic adventitia
Collagen and elastin
Biaxial extension test
Multi -photon microscopy
Structural quantification
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