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Koc, Ö; Kessler, HH; Hoenigl, M; Wagener, J; Suerbaum, S; Schubert, S; Dichtl, K.
Performance of Multiplex PCR and β-1,3-D-Glucan Testing for the Diagnosis of Candidemia.
J Fungi (Basel). 2022; 8(9): Doi: 10.3390/jof8090972 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Dichtl Karl
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Hönigl Martin
Kessler Harald

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Bloodstream infections caused by Candida yeasts (candidemia) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis remains challenging, with the current gold standard-isolation from blood culture (BC)-being limited by low sensitivity and long turnaround time. This study evaluated the performance of two nonculture methods: PCR and β-1,3-D-glucan (BDG) testing. The sera of 103 patients with BC-proven candidemia and of 46 controls were analyzed with the Fungiplex Candida Real-Time PCR and the Wako β-Glucan Test. The BDG assay demonstrated higher sensitivity than the multiplex PCR (58% vs. 33%). This was particularly evident in ICU patients (60% vs. 28%) and in C. albicans candidemia (57% vs. 37%). The earlier prior to BC sampling the sera were obtained, the more the PCR sensitivity decreased (46% to 18% in the periods of 0-2 and 3-5 days before BC, respectively), while BDG testing was independent of the sampling date. No positive PCR results were obtained in sera sampled more than five days before BC. Specificities were 89% for BDG and 93% for PCR testing. In conclusion, BDG testing demonstrated several advantages over PCR testing for the diagnosis of candidemia, including higher sensitivity and earlier diagnosis. However, BC remains essential, as BDG does not allow for species differentiation.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
bloodstream infection
multiplex PCR
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