Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Smolle, MA; Bergovec, M; Scheipl, S; Gössler, W; Amerstorfer, F; Glehr, M; Leithner, A; Friesenbichler, J.
Long-term changes in serum silver concentrations after extremity reconstruction with silver-coated megaprostheses.
Sci Rep. 2022; 12(1): 13041 Doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-16707-0 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Scheipl Susanne
Smolle Maria Anna
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Amerstorfer Florian Ludwig
Bergovec Marko
Friesenbichler Jörg
Glehr Mathias
Leithner Andreas

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:

Scite (citation analytics):

Silver-coated megaprostheses are considered to reduce infection rate following reconstruction of bone defects in tumour surgery or revision arthroplasty. However, little is known about systemic silver exposure and possible side effects. The aim of this study was to analyse serum silver concentrations in patients with silver-coated megaprostheses over a prolonged time period. Between 2004 and 2016, 46 patients (52.2% female, mean age at surgery 47.1 ± 24.2 years) received silver-coated megaprostheses for septic (n = 26) or oncological (n = 17; main implant since 2013) indications, or aseptic loosening (n = 3). Blood was drawn from all patients within the first few days following surgery (without silver ion levels) and thereafter every 6 months at the outpatient department (with silver ion levels). Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to determine silver ion levels. Median follow-up was 47.3 months (IQR: 16.1-78.9). Overall, 29 revision surgeries became necessary in 20 patients, equivalent to a cumulative complication rate of 63.0%. Revisions were most commonly for periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs, n = 12) and instability/soft tissue problems (n = 10). Revision-free implant survival was 81.4%, 42.3% and 35.2% at one, 5 and 10 years. Incidence of local argyria was 8.7% (n = 4). Silver ion levels at two or more consecutive time points during follow-up were available for 26 patients. An increment of silver levels within the first months ("run-in") was observed, followed by an unspecific undulating course. Median initial and latest follow-up (median, 49.5 months) serum silver ion levels were 16.0 ppb (IQR: 9.1-29.1) and 7.4 ppb (IQR: 2.7-14.1), respectively. According to the multivariate mixed linear random-effects model, development of PJI was associated with significantly higher silver ion levels over time (p = 0.002), irrespective of time from surgery (p = 0.274). In the current series, a cumulative complication rate of 63.0% was observed for patients receiving silver-coated megaprostheses for septic of oncological indications. An overall unspecific course of silver ion concentration was present. Development of PJI was significantly associated with increased silver ion levels over time. Yet, no systemic complication associated to high silver levels occurred. It can be concluded that silver-coated implants constitute a safe solution for megaprosthetic reconstruction, but monitoring of silver concentrations is recommended.

© Med Uni Graz Impressum