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Krysewski, LM; Power, Guerra, N; Glatzel, A; Holzmann, C; Antipova, V; Schmitt, O; Yu-Taeger, L; Nguyen, HP; Wree, A; Witt, M.
Differential Cellular Balance of Olfactory and Vomeronasal Epithelia in a Transgenic BACHD Rat Model of Huntington's Disease.
Int J Mol Sci. 2022; 23(14): 7625 Doi: 10.3390/ijms23147625 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Antipova Veronica Alexandra

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Background. For neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's disease (HD), early diagnosis is essential to treat patients and delay symptoms. Impaired olfaction, as observed as an early symptom in Parkinson´s disease, may also constitute a key symptom in HD. However, there are few reports on olfactory deficits in HD. Therefore, we aimed to investigate, in a transgenic rat model of HD: (1) whether general olfactory impairment exists and (2) whether there are disease-specific dynamics of olfactory dysfunction when the vomeronasal (VNE) and main olfactory epithelium (MOE) are compared. Methods. We used male rats of transgenic line 22 (TG22) of the bacterial artificial chromosome Huntington disease model (BACHD), aged 3 days or 6 months. Cell proliferation, apoptosis and macrophage activity were examined with immunohistochemistry in the VNE and MOE. Results. No differences were observed in cellular parameters in the VNE between the groups. However, the MOE of the 6-month-old HD animals showed a significantly increased number of mature olfactory receptor neurons. Other cellular parameters were not affected. Conclusions. The results obtained in the TG22 line suggest a relative stability in the VNE, whereas the MOE seems at least temporarily affected.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
vomeronasal organ
main olfactory epithelium
Huntington's disease
transgenic rat model
buried pellet test
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