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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Spyropoulos, F; Sorrentino, A; van, der, Reest, J; Yang, P; Waldeck-Weiermair, M; Steinhorn, B; Eroglu, E; Saeedi, Saravi, SS; Yu, P; Haigis, M; Christou, H; Michel, T.
Metabolomic and transcriptomic signatures of chemogenetic heart failure.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2022; 322(3): H451-H465. Doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00628.2021 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Waldeck-Weiermair Markus

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The failing heart is characterized by elevated levels of reactive oxygen species. We have developed an animal model of heart failure induced by chemogenetic production of oxidative stress in the heart using a recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV9) expressing yeast d-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) targeted to cardiac myocytes. When DAAO-infected animals are fed the DAAO substrate d-alanine, the enzyme generates hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the cardiac myocytes, leading to dilated cardiomyopathy. However, the underlying mechanisms of oxidative stress-induced heart failure remain incompletely understood. Therefore, we investigated the effects of chronic oxidative stress on the cardiac transcriptome and metabolome. Rats infected with recombinant cardiotropic AAV9 expressing DAAO or control AAV9 were treated for 7 wk with d-alanine to stimulate chemogenetic H2O2 production by DAAO and generate dilated cardiomyopathy. After hemodynamic assessment, left and right ventricular tissues were processed for RNA sequencing and metabolomic profiling. DAAO-induced dilated cardiomyopathy was characterized by marked changes in the cardiac transcriptome and metabolome both in the left and right ventricle. Downregulated transcripts are related to energy metabolism and mitochondrial function, accompanied by striking alterations in metabolites involved in cardiac energetics, redox homeostasis, and amino acid metabolism. Upregulated transcripts are involved in cytoskeletal organization and extracellular matrix. Finally, we noted increased metabolite levels of antioxidants glutathione and ascorbate. These findings provide evidence that chemogenetic generation of oxidative stress leads to a robust heart failure model with distinct transcriptomic and metabolomic signatures and set the basis for understanding the underlying pathophysiology of chronic oxidative stress in the heart.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We have developed a "chemogenetic" heart failure animal model that recapitulates a central feature of human heart failure: increased cardiac redox stress. We used a recombinant DAAO enzyme to generate H2O2 in cardiomyocytes, leading to cardiomyopathy. Here we report striking changes in the cardiac metabolome and transcriptome following chemogenetic heart failure, similar to changes observed in human heart failure. Our findings help validate chemogenetic approaches for the discovery of novel therapeutic targets in heart failure.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
animal models
cardiac dysfunction
hydrogen peroxide
oxidative stress
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