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Dichtl, K; Forster, J; Ormanns, S; Horns, H; Suerbaum, S; Seybold, U; Wagener, J.
Comparison of β-D-Glucan and Galactomannan in Serum for Detection of Invasive Aspergillosis: Retrospective Analysis with Focus on Early Diagnosis.
J Fungi (Basel). 2020; 6(4): Doi: 10.3390/jof6040253 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Dichtl Karl

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The early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) relies mainly on computed tomography imaging and testing for fungal biomarkers such as galactomannan (GM). We compared an established ELISA for the detection of GM with a turbidimetric assay for detection of the panfungal biomarker β-D-glucan (BDG) for early diagnosis of IA. A total of 226 serum specimens from 47 proven and seven probable IA cases were analysed. Sensitivity was calculated for samples obtained closest to the day of IA-diagnosis (d0). Additional analyses were performed by including samples obtained during the presumed course of disease. Most IA cases involved the respiratory system (63%), and Aspergillus fumigatus was the most frequently isolated species (59%). For proven cases, sensitivity of BDG/GM analysis was 57%/40%. Including all samples dating from -6 to +1 weeks from d0 increased sensitivities to 74%/51%. Sensitivity of BDG testing was as high as or higher than GM testing for all subgroups and time intervals analysed. BDG testing was less specific (90-93%) than GM testing (99-100%). Combining BDG and GM testing resulted in sensitivity/specificity of 70%/91%. Often, BDG testing was positive before GM testing. Our study backs the use of BDG for diagnosis of suspected IA. We suggest combining BDG and GM to improve the overall sensitivity.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
invasive aspergillosis
fungal antigens
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