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Igrec, J; Fuchsjäger, MH.
Imaging of Bone Sarcomas and Soft-Tissue Sarcomas.
Rofo. 2021; 193(10):1171-1182 Doi: 10.1055/a-1401-0215
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Igrec Jasminka
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fuchsjäger Michael

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BACKGROUND:  In the diagnosis of bone and soft-tissue sarcomas, the continuous advancement of various imaging modalities has improved the detection of small lesions, surgical planning, assessment of chemotherapeutic effects, and, importantly, guidance for surgery or biopsy. METHOD:  This review was composed based on a PubMed literature search for the terms "bone sarcoma," "bone cancer" and "soft tissue sarcoma," "imaging," "magnetic resonance imaging", "computed tomography", "ultrasound", "radiography", and "radiomics" covering the publication period 2005-2020. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:  As discussed in this review, radiography, ultrasound, CT, and MRI all play key roles in the imaging evaluation of bone and soft-tissue sarcomas. In daily practice, advanced MRI techniques complement standard MRI but remain underused, as they are considered time-consuming, technically challenging, and not reliable enough to replace biopsy and histology. PET/MRI and radiomics have shown promise regarding the imaging of sarcomas in the future. KEY POINTS:   · Radiographs remain crucial in diagnostic imaging algorithms for sarcomas.. · US is an initial imaging study for the evaluation of superficial soft-tissue tumors.. · The role of CT continues to evolve as new techniques emerge.. · MRI allows the noninvasive evaluation of soft-tissue, osseous, and articular structures.. · Machine learning methods could improve personalized selection of therapy for patients with sarcoma.. CITATION FORMAT: · Igrec J, Fuchsjäger MH. Imaging of Bone and Soft-Tissue Sarcomas. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2021; 193: 1171 - 1182.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
bone sarcoma
soft tissue sarcoma
ultrasound computed tomography (US/CT)
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