Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Gerber, T; Taschner-Mandl, S; Saloberger-Sindhöringer, L; Popitsch, N; Heitzer, E; Witt, V; Geyeregger, R; Hutter, C; Schwentner, R; Ambros, IM; Ambros, PF.
Assessment of Pre-Analytical Sample Handling Conditions for Comprehensive Liquid Biopsy Analysis.
J Mol Diagn. 2020; 22(8):1070-1086 Doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2020.05.006 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Heitzer Ellen

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Liquid biopsies as a minimally invasive approach have the potential to revolutionize molecular diagnostics. Yet, although protocols for sample handling and the isolation of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) are numerous, comprehensive guidelines for diagnostics and research considering all aspects of real-life multicenter clinical studies are currently not available. These include limitations in sample volume, transport, and blood collection tubes. We tested the impact of commonly used (EDTA and heparin) and specialized blood collection tubes and storage conditions on the yield and purity of cell-free DNA for the application in down-stream analysis. Moreover, we evaluated the feasibility of a combined workflow for ctDNA and tumor cell genomic testing and parallel flow cytometric analysis of leukocytes. For genomic analyses, EDTA tubes showed good results if stored for a maximum of 4 hours at room temperature or for up to 24 hours when stored at 4°C. Spike-in experiments revealed that EDTA tubes in combination with density gradient centrifugation allowed the parallel isolation of ctDNA, leukocytes, and low amounts of tumor cells (0.1%) and their immunophenotyping by flow cytometry and down-stream genomic analysis by whole genome sequencing. In conclusion, adhering to time and temperature limits allows the use of routine EDTA blood samples for liquid biopsy analyses. We further provide a workflow enabling the parallel analysis of cell-free and cellular features for disease monitoring and for clonal evolution studies. Copyright © 2020 Association for Molecular Pathology and American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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