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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Wagner-Skacel, J; Dalkner, N; Moerkl, S; Kreuzer, K; Farzi, A; Lackner, S; Painold, A; Reininghaus, EZ; Butler, MI; Bengesser, S.
Sleep and Microbiome in Psychiatric Diseases.
Nutrients. 2020; 12(8):
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bengesser Susanne
Dalkner Nina
Farzi Aitak
Lackner Sonja
Mörkl Sabrina
Painold Annamaria
Reininghaus Eva
Wagner-Skacel Jolana

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Disturbances in the gut-brain barrier play an essential role in the development of mental disorders. There is considerable evidence showing that the gut microbiome not only affects digestive, metabolic and immune functions of the host but also regulates host sleep and mental states through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. The present review summarizes the role of the gut microbiome in the context of circadian rhythms, nutrition and sleep in psychiatric disorders. A PubMed search (studies published between April 2015-April 2020) was conducted with the keywords: "sleep, microbiome and psychiatry"; "sleep, microbiome and depression"; "sleep, microbiome and bipolar disorder", "sleep, microbiome and schizophrenia", "sleep, microbiome and anorexia nervosa", "sleep, microbiome and substance use disorder", "sleep, microbiome and anxiety"; "clock gene expression and microbiome", "clock gene expression and nutrition". Only studies investigating the relationship between sleep and microbiome in psychiatric patients were included in the review. Search results yielded two cross-sectional studies analyzing sleep and gut microbiome in 154 individuals with bipolar disorder and one interventional study analyzing the effect of fecal microbiota transplantation in 17 individuals with irritable bowel syndrome on sleep. In patients with bipolar disorder, Faecalibacterium was significantly associated with improved sleep quality scores and a significant correlation between Lactobacillus counts and sleep. Translational research on this important field is limited and further investigation of the bidirectional pathways on sleep and the gut microbiome in mood disorders is warranted.

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