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Zittermann, A; Pilz, S; Berthold, HK.
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D response to vitamin D supplementation in infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical intervention trials.
Eur J Nutr. 2019;
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Pilz Stefan
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Abstract:
For the prevention of nutritional rickets, 400 IU vitamin D daily and circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations > 50 nmol/L are recommended, whereas the toxicity threshold is set at 250 nmol/L. We synthesized the evidence for the effect of vitamin D supplementation on incremental 25OHD in infants up to 1 year of age. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention trials in several databases. A total of 87 records were identified for full-text review and 27 articles with 61 studies were included in the final analysis. The selected 61 studies included 1828 participants. Nineteen cohorts had already mean baseline 25OHD levels ≥ 50 nmol/L. The weighted mean difference in 25OHD following vitamin D supplementation was + 49.4 nmol/L (95% CI 43.6-55.3 nmol/L; P < 0.001). The increment was dose-dependent (P = 0.002), was higher in full-term than in pre-term infants (P < 0.001), was higher in infants with baseline 25OHD < 50 nmol/L as compared to ≥ 50 nmol/L (P = 0.001), and was marginally influenced by the 25OHD test procedure (P = 0.080). Vitamin D3 doses of 400 IU/day were sufficient to achieve 25OHD concentrations ≥ 50 nmol/L in most full-term infants. A 25OHD level of 250 nmol/L was not exceeded in ≥ 97.5% of infants at doses between 200 and 1200 IU/day, but potentially in ≥ 2.5% of infants at a dose of 1600 IU/day. Vitamin D supplementation of 400 IU/day is sufficient for achieving 25OHD concentrations able to prevent nutritional rickets. A more personalized vitamin D dosing strategy would require 25OHD testing, but also assay standardization.

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