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Groelz, D; Viertler, C; Pabst, D; Dettmann, N; Zatloukal, K.
Impact of storage conditions on the quality of nucleic acids in paraffin embedded tissues.
PLoS One. 2018; 13(9):e0203608-e0203608 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Pabst Daniela
Viertler Christian
Zatloukal Kurt

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Number of Figures: 8
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RNA and DNA analyses from paraffin-embedded tissues (PET) are an important diagnostic tool for characterization of a disease, exploring biomarkers and treatment options. Since nucleic acids from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue are of limited use for molecular analyses due to chemical modifications of biomolecules alternate, formalin-free fixation reagents such as the PAXgene Tissue system are of evolving interest. Furthermore, biomedical research and biomarker development critically relies on using long-term stored PET from medical archives or biobanks to correlate molecular features with long-term disease outcomes. We therefore performed a comparative study to evaluate the effect of long term storage of FFPE and PAXgene Tissue-fixed and paraffin-embedded (PFPE) tissue at different temperatures on nucleic acid stability and usability in PCR. Matched FFPE and PFPE human tissues from routine clinical setting or rat tissues from a highly controlled animal model were stored at room temperature and 4°C, as well as in case of animal tissues frozen at -20°C and -80°C. RNA and DNA were extracted in intervals for up to nine years, and examined for integrity, and usability in quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) or PCR (qPCR) assays. PET storage at room temperature led to a degradation of nucleic acids which was slowed down by storage at 4°C and prevented by storage at -20°C or -80°C. Degradation was associated with an amplicon length depending decrease of RT-qPCR and qPCR efficiency. Storage at 4°C improved amplifiability in RT-qPCR and qPCR profoundly. Chemically unmodified nucleic acids from PFPE tissue performed superior compared to FFPE tissue, regardless of storage time and temperature in both human and rat tissues. In conclusion molecular analyses from PET can be greatly improved by using a non-crosslinking fixative and storage at lower temperatures such as 4°C, which should be considered in prospective clinical studies.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Cryopreservation -
Fixatives - adverse effects
Fixatives - pharmacology
Genetic Markers -
Humans -
Nucleic Acids - analysis
Nucleic Acids - genetics
Paraffin Embedding -
Polymerase Chain Reaction -
Prospective Studies -
Rats -
Tissue Fixation -
Tissue Preservation -

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