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Dalkner, N; Reininghaus, EZ; Riedrich, K; Rieger, A; Birner, A; Fellendorf, FT; Bengesser, SA; Queissner, R; Platzer, M; Mayr-Mauhart, M; Dorn, M; Reininghaus, B.
Psychopathic personality factor "Fearless dominance" is related to low self-reported stress-levels, fewer psychiatric symptoms, and more adaptive stress coping in psychiatric disorders.
Psychiatry Res. 2018; 270:68-77
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bengesser Susanne
Birner Armin
Dalkner Nina
Fellendorf Frederike
Platzer Martina
Queissner Robert
Reininghaus Bernd
Reininghaus Eva
Rieger Alexandra
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Abstract:
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to test the idea that the psychopathic trait "Fearless dominance" (FD) may be associated with reduced psychological stress symptoms and better stress coping strategies in psychiatric patients, whereas the factor "Self-centered impulsivity" (SCI) may be associated with more stress and maladaptive stress coping. The investigation included 626 individuals with psychiatric disorders treated in a psychiatric rehabilitation program. The participants were tested with the Psychopathic Personality Inventory Revised (PPI-R) and completed several clinical scales measuring stress experience and stress coping (Symptom-Checklist Revised, Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress, The Stress Coping Style Questionnaire 78). Consistent with the hypothesis, structural equation modeling results showed that self-reported stress levels and adaptive stress coping strategies might be explained by psychopathic FD traits in the psychiatric sample. Supplemental subscale analyses showed that especially the PPI-R scales Stress Immunity and Social Influence were positively related to adaptive stress coping. The second model of SCI did not fit our data well. In conclusion, individuals with psychopathic FD traits may experience less stress symptoms during residential care. Well-designed prospective trials may ultimately answer the question whether psychopathic traits could be viewed as serving a buffer function in the development of depression. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
PPI-R
Fearless dominance
Self-centered impulsivity
Coping style
Play down
Stress
Psychiatric symptoms
Depression
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