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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Singh, TP; Vieyra-Garcia, PA; Wagner, K; Penninger, J; Wolf, P.
Cbl-b deficiency provides protection against UVB-induced skin damage by modulating inflammatory gene signature.
Cell Death Dis. 2018; 9(8):835-835 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Singh Tej Pratap
Vieyra Garcia Pablo Augusto
Wagner Karin
Wolf Peter
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Number of Figures: 4
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Abstract:
Exposure of skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces DNA damage, inflammation, and immune suppression that ultimately lead to skin cancer. However, some of the pathways that regulate these events are poorly understood. We exposed mice to UVB to study its early effects in the absence of Cbl-b, a known suppressor of antitumor immune response in the skin. Cbl-b-/- mice were protected from UV-induced cell damage as shown by the lower number of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and sunburn cells in exposed skin compared to wild-type mice. Microarray data revealed that deficiency of Cbl-b resulted in differential expression of genes involved in apoptosis evasion, tumor suppression and cell survival in UV-exposed skin. After UVB, Cbl-b-/- mice upregulated gene expression pattern associated with regulation of epidermal cell proliferation linked to Wnt signaling mediators and enzymes that relate to cell removal and tissue remodeling like MMP12. Additionally, the skin of Cbl-b-/- mice was protected from chronic inflammatory responses and epidermal hyperplasia in a 4-weeks UVB treatment protocol. Overall, our results suggest a novel role for Cbl-b in regulating inflammation and physiologic clearance of damaged cells in response to UVB by modulating inflammatory gene signature.

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