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Gauster, M; Majali-Martinez, A; Maninger, S; Gutschi, E; Greimel, PH; Ivanisevic, M; Djelmis, J; Desoye, G; Hiden, U.
Maternal Type 1 diabetes activates stress response in early placenta.
Placenta. 2017; 50(6):110-116
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Desoye Gernot
Gauster Martin
Greimel Patrick
Hiden Ursula
Majali Martinez Alejandro
Maninger Sabine Elfriede
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Abstract:
Human pregnancy and in particular the first trimester, is a period highly susceptible towards adverse insults such as oxidative stress, which may lead to inadequate embryonic and feto-placental development. Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased oxidative stress caused by hyperglycemia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and inflammatory signals. In pregnancy, diabetes elevates the risk for early pregnancy loss, preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction, pathologies that origin from early placental maldevelopment. We hypothesized that maternal Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) induces oxidative stress in the first trimester human placenta. We quantified stress induced, cytoprotective proteins, i.e. heat shock protein (HSP)70 and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and determined protein modifications as markers for oxidation and glycation, i.e. levels of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) or Nε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) modified proteins. Moreover, we measured expression levels of enzymes involved in antioxidant defense in the first trimester (week 7-9) placenta of normal and T1DM women by immunoblot and real-time qPCR. Primary human trophoblasts were isolated from first trimester placenta and the effects of oxygen, hyperglycemia and the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α on levels of HSP70 and HO-1 were analyzed. HSP70 (+19.9± 10.1%) and HO-1 (+63.5± 14.5%) were elevated (p < 0.05) in first trimester placenta of T1DM women when compared to normal women. However, levels of HNE or CML modified proteins were unchanged. Also, expression of most antioxidant enzymes was unchanged, with only superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) being upregulated by 3.0-fold (p < 0.05). In isolated primary trophoblasts, HSP70 and HO-1 were upregulated by increasing oxygen tension, but not by hyperglycemia or TNF-α. Although protein oxidation and glycation was not elevated, we infer that T1DM increases placental cellular stress in the first trimester. Elevated stress in early placenta of T1DM women may contribute to disturbances in placental development. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 - metabolism
Female -
HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins - metabolism
Heme Oxygenase-1 - metabolism
Humans -
Oxidative Stress - drug effects
Oxidative Stress - physiology
Placenta - drug effects
Placenta - metabolism
Pregnancy -
Pregnancy Trimester, First - metabolism
Superoxide Dismutase - metabolism
Trophoblasts - drug effects
Trophoblasts - metabolism
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - pharmacology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Type 1 diabetes
Stress response
Oxidative stress
First trimester placenta
Trophoblast
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