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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Löhr, M; Molcanyi, M; Poggenborg, J; Spuentrup, E; Runge, M; Röhn, G; Härtig, W; Hescheler, J; Hampl, JA.
Intracerebral administration of heat-inactivated Staphylococcus epidermidis enhances oncolysis and prolongs survival in a 9L orthotopic gliosarcoma model.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2013; 31(4-5): 614-624. [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Molcanyi Marek
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Abstract:
The association between postoperative infection and prolonged survival in high-grade glioma is still a matter of debate. Previously we demonstrated that the intracerebral (i.c.) injection of heat-inactivated staphylococcal epitopes (HISE) resulted in a well-defined infux of immunocompetent cells across the blood-brain barrier. The present study investigated the potential antitumoral effect of HISE-immunostimulation in an experimental glioma model. Wistar rats were intracerebrally implanted with 9L gliosarcoma cells (n=6), 9L cells mixed with HISE (n=12), or phosphate buffered saline (n=4). Tumor growth was measured by serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). After death due to the tumor burden, the brains were histopathologically assessed for inflammation and oncolysis. A toxicity assay was performed to quantify potential impairment of HISE on tumor cell growth in vitro. Animals treated by HISE showed a significant increase in average survival and even complete regression of an already established mass in one case. Naïve 9L gliosarcomas failed to recruit significant numbers of systemic immune cells. In contrast, concomitant intracerebral HISE inoculation lead to a oncolysis and a distinct peri- and intratumoral infiltration of macrophages, CD8 and CD4 co-expressing T-lymphocytes in two thirds of the tumor-bearing animals. The toxicity screening showed HISE-mediated oncolysis to be ineffective ex vivo. This study describes a novel approach for combatting malignant glioma using inactivated staphylococci as potent immunomodulators. Our results provide an outline for investigating the strategic potential of bacteria as emerging future therapeutics. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Brain Neoplasms - mortality Brain Neoplasms - pathology Brain Neoplasms - therapy
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes - immunology CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes - physiology
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes - immunology CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes - physiology
Cell Line, Tumor -
Disease Models, Animal -
Gliosarcoma - mortality Gliosarcoma - pathology Gliosarcoma - therapy
Immunologic Factors - therapeutic use
Immunotherapy -
Kaplan-Meier Estimate -
Magnetic Resonance Imaging -
Rats -
Rats, Wistar -
Staphylococcus epidermidis - immunology Staphylococcus epidermidis - metabolism
Transplantation, Homologous -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Glioblastoma
Immunotherapy
Oncolysis
Staphylococcus
Immunostimulatory adjuvant
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