Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Prokesch, A; Pelzmann, HJ; Pessentheiner, AR; Huber, K; Madreiter-Sokolowski, CT; Drougard, A; Schittmayer, M; Kolb, D; Magnes, C; Trausinger, G; Graier, WF; Birner-Gruenberger, R; Pospisilik, JA; Bogner-Strauss, JG.
N-acetylaspartate catabolism determines cytosolic acetyl-CoA levels and histone acetylation in brown adipocytes.
Sci Rep. 2016; 6(5):23723-23723 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Birner-Grünberger Ruth
Graier Wolfgang
Kolb Dagmar
Madreiter-Sokolowski Corina
Prokesch Andreas
Schittmayer-Schantl Matthias

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:

Scite (citation analytics):

Number of Figures: 6
| | | | | |
Histone acetylation depends on the abundance of nucleo-cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA. Here, we present a novel route for cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA production in brown adipocytes. N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is a highly abundant brain metabolite catabolized by aspartoacylase yielding aspartate and acetate. The latter can be further used for acetyl-CoA production. Prior to this work, the presence of NAA has not been described in adipocytes. Here, we show that accumulation of NAA decreases the brown adipocyte phenotype. We increased intracellular NAA concentrations in brown adipocytes via media supplementation or knock-down of aspartoacylase and measured reduced lipolysis, thermogenic gene expression, and oxygen consumption. Combinations of approaches to increase intracellular NAA levels showed additive effects on lipolysis and gene repression, nearly abolishing the expression of Ucp1, Cidea, Prdm16, and Ppara. Transcriptome analyses of aspartoacylase knock-down cells indicate deficiencies in acetyl-CoA and lipid metabolism. Concordantly, cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA levels and global histone H3 acetylation were decreased. Further, activating histone marks (H3K27ac and H3K9ac) in promoters/enhancers of brown marker genes showed reduced acetylation status. Taken together, we present a novel route for cytoplasmic acetyl-CoA production in brown adipocytes. Thereby, we mechanistically connect the NAA pathway to the epigenomic regulation of gene expression, modulating the phenotype of brown adipocytes.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Acetates - metabolism
Acetyl Coenzyme A - metabolism
Acetylation -
Adipocytes, Brown - metabolism
Animals -
Aspartic Acid - analogs & derivatives
Aspartic Acid - metabolism
Brain - metabolism
Cytoplasm - metabolism
Cytosol - enzymology
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic -
Histones - chemistry
Lipid Metabolism -
Lipolysis -
Mice -
Mice, Inbred C57BL -
Mitochondria - metabolism
Oxygen Consumption -
Phenotype -
Promoter Regions, Genetic -
Protein Processing, Post-Translational -
Transcription Factors - metabolism

© Med Uni Graz Impressum