Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Hrzenjak, A.
JAZF1/SUZ12 gene fusion in endometrial stromal sarcomas.
Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2016; 11(6):15-15 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Hrzenjak Andelko
Altmetrics:

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Abstract:
Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) belong to the rarest uterine malignancies (prevalence category <1-9/1,000,000). According to the new 2014 World Health Organisation (WHO) classification, they are separated into four categories; benign endometrial stromal nodules (ESNs), low grade endometrial stromal sarcomas (LG-ESSs), high-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas (HG-ESSs) and undifferentiated uterine sarcomas (UUSs). Due to heterogeneous histopathologic appearance these tumors still represent diagnostic challenge, even for experienced pathologists. ESSs are genetically very heterogeneous and several chromosomal translocations and gene fusions have so far been identified in these malignancies. To date the JAZF1/SUZ12 gene fusion is by far the most frequent and seems to be the cytogenetic hallmark of ESN and LG-ESS. Based on present literature data this gene fusion is present in approximately 75% of ESN, 50% of LG-ESS and 15% of HG-ESS cases. The frequency of JAZF1/SUZ12 appearance varies between classic ESS and different morphologic variants. This gene fusion is suggested to become a specific diagnostic tool, especially in difficult borderline cases. In combination with the recently described YWHAE/FAM22 gene fusion the JAZF1/SUZ12 fusion could be used to differentiate between LG-ESS and HG-ESS. The purpose of this review is to summarize literature data published in last two and a half decades about this gene fusion, as a contribution to our understanding of ESS genetics and pathogenesis.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Endometrial Neoplasms - genetics
Female -
Gene Fusion - genetics
Humans -
Neoplasm Proteins - genetics
Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 - genetics
Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal - genetics

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Uterine malignancy
Gene fusion
Chromosomal translocation
JAZF1/SUZ12
YWHAE/NUTM2A/B
© Meduni Graz Impressum