Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Kooij, V; Viswanathan, MC; Lee, DI; Rainer, PP; Schmidt, W; Kronert, WA; Harding, SE; Kass, DA; Bernstein, SI; Van Eyk, JE; Cammarato, A.
Profilin modulates sarcomeric organization and mediates cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.
Cardiovasc Res. 2016; 110(2):238-248 Doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvw050 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Rainer Peter

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:

Scite (citation analytics):

Heart failure is often preceded by cardiac hypertrophy, which is characterized by increased cell size, altered protein abundance, and actin cytoskeletal reorganization. Profilin is a well-conserved, ubiquitously expressed, multifunctional actin-binding protein, and its role in cardiomyocytes is largely unknown. Given its involvement in vascular hypertrophy, we aimed to test the hypothesis that profilin-1 is a key mediator of cardiomyocyte-specific hypertrophic remodelling. Profilin-1 was elevated in multiple mouse models of hypertrophy, and a cardiomyocyte-specific increase of profilin in Drosophila resulted in significantly larger heart tube dimensions. Moreover, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of profilin-1 in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) induced a hypertrophic response, measured by increased myocyte size and gene expression. Profilin-1 silencing suppressed the response in NRVMs stimulated with phenylephrine or endothelin-1. Mechanistically, we found that profilin-1 regulates hypertrophy, in part, through activation of the ERK1/2 signalling cascade. Confocal microscopy showed that profilin localized to the Z-line of Drosophila myofibrils under normal conditions and accumulated near the M-line when overexpressed. Elevated profilin levels resulted in elongated sarcomeres, myofibrillar disorganization, and sarcomeric disarray, which correlated with impaired muscle function. Our results identify novel roles for profilin as an important mediator of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. We show that overexpression of profilin is sufficient to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and sarcomeric remodelling, and silencing of profilin attenuates the hypertrophic response. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Cardiomegaly - genetics
Cardiomegaly - metabolism
Drosophila melanogaster -
Endothelin-1 - metabolism
Heart Failure - drug therapy
Heart Failure - genetics
Heart Failure - metabolism
Male -
Mice, Inbred C57BL -
Myocytes, Cardiac - drug effects
Myocytes, Cardiac - metabolism
Myofibrils - metabolism
Phenylephrine - pharmacology
Profilins - genetics
Profilins - metabolism
Sarcomeres - metabolism

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Cardiac hypertrophy
Sarcomere remodelling
© Med Uni Graz Impressum