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Abdellatif, M; Leite, S; Alaa, M; Oliveira-Pinto, J; Tavares-Silva, M; Fontoura, D; Falcão-Pires, I; Leite-Moreira, AF; Lourenço, AP.
Spectral transfer function analysis of respiratory hemodynamic fluctuations predicts end-diastolic stiffness in preserved ejection fraction heart failure.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2016; 310(1):H4-13 Doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00399.2015 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Abdellatif Mahmoud

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Preserved ejection fraction heart failure (HFpEF) diagnosis remains controversial, and invasive left ventricular (LV) hemodynamic evaluation and/or exercise testing is advocated by many. The stiffer HFpEF myocardium may show impaired stroke volume (SV) variation induced by fluctuating LV filling pressure during ventilation. Our aim was to investigate spectral transfer function (STF) gain from end-diastolic pressure (EDP) to indexed SV (SVi) in experimental HFpEF. Eighteen-week-old Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and ZSF1 lean (ZSF1 Ln) and obese rats (ZSF1 Ob) randomly underwent LV open-chest (OC, n = 8 each group) or closed-chest hemodynamic evaluation (CC, n = 6 each group) under halogenate anesthesia and positive-pressure ventilation at constant inspiratory pressure. Beat-to-beat fluctuations in hemodynamic parameters during ventilation were assessed by STF. End-diastolic stiffness (βi) and end-systolic elastance (Eesi) for indexed volumes were obtained by inferior vena cava occlusion in OC (multibeat) or single-beat method estimates in CC. ZSF1 Ob showed higher EDP spectrum (P < 0.001), higher STF gain between end-diastolic volume and EDP, and impaired STF gain between EDP and SVi compared with both hypertensive ZSF1 Ln and normotensive WKY controls (P < 0.001). Likewise βi was only higher in ZSF1 Ob while Eesi was raised in both ZSF1 groups. On multivariate analysis βi and not Eesi correlated with impaired STF gain from EDP to SVi (P < 0.001), and receiver-operating characteristics analysis showed an area under curve of 0.89 for higher βi prediction (P < 0.001). Results support further clinical testing of STF analysis from right heart catheterization-derived EDP surrogates to noninvasively determined SV as screening/diagnostic tool to assess myocardial stiffness in HFpEF. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Area Under Curve -
Cardiac Catheterization -
Diastole -
Disease Models, Animal -
Echocardiography, Doppler -
Electrocardiography -
Heart Failure - diagnosis
Heart Failure - physiopathology
Models, Cardiovascular -
Multivariate Analysis -
Predictive Value of Tests -
ROC Curve -
Rats, Inbred WKY -
Rats, Zucker -
Respiration -
Respiration, Artificial -
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted -
Stroke Volume -
Time Factors -
Ventricular Function, Left -
Ventricular Pressure -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
spectral analysis
spectral transfer function
myocardial stiffness
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