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Leite, S; Rodrigues, S; Tavares-Silva, M; Oliveira-Pinto, J; Alaa, M; Abdellatif, M; Fontoura, D; Falcão-Pires, I; Gillebert, TC; Leite-Moreira, AF; Lourenço, AP.
Afterload-induced diastolic dysfunction contributes to high filling pressures in experimental heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2015; 309(10):H1648-H1654 Doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00397.2015 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Abdellatif Mahmoud

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Myocardial stiffness and upward-shifted end-diastolic pressure-volume (P-V) relationship (EDPVR) are the key to high filling pressures in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Nevertheless, many patients may remain asymptomatic unless hemodynamic stress is imposed on the myocardium. Whether delayed relaxation induced by pressure challenge may contribute to high end-diastolic pressure (EDP) remains unsettled. Our aim was to assess the effect of suddenly imposed isovolumic afterload on relaxation and EDP, exploiting a highly controlled P-V experimental evaluation setup in the ZSF1 obese rat (ZSF1 Ob) model of HFpEF. Twenty-week-old ZSF1 Ob (n = 12), healthy Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY, n = 11), and hypertensive ZSF1 lean control rats (ZSF1 Ln, n = 10) underwent open-thorax left ventricular (LV) P-V hemodynamic evaluation under anesthesia with sevoflurane. EDPVR was obtained by inferior vena cava occlusions to assess LV ED chamber stiffness constant β, and single-beat isovolumic afterload acquisitions were obtained by swift occlusions of the ascending aorta. ZSF1 Ob showed increased ED stiffness, delayed relaxation, as assessed by time constant of isovolumic relaxation (τ), and elevated EDP with normal ejection fraction. Isovolumic afterload increased EDP without concomitant changes in ED volume or heart rate. In isovolumic beats, relaxation was delayed to the extent that time for complete relaxation as predicted by 3.5 × monoexponentially derived τ (τexp) exceeded effective filling time. EDP elevation correlated with reduced time available to relax, which was the only independent predictor of EDP rise in multiple linear regression. Our results suggest that delayed relaxation during pressure challenge is an important contributor to lung congestion and effort intolerance in HFpEF. Copyright © 2015 the American Physiological Society.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Diastole - physiology
Disease Models, Animal -
Heart Failure - physiopathology
Heart Failure, Diastolic - physiopathology
Hemodynamics -
Hypertension - physiopathology
Linear Models -
Pressure -
Rats -
Rats, Inbred WKY -
Stroke Volume - physiology
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left - physiopathology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
diastolic function
heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
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