Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

Ohlinger, W; Dinges, HP; Zatloukal, K; Mair, S; Gollowitsch, F; Denk, H.
Immunohistochemical detection of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, other cytokines and adhesion molecules in human livers with alcoholic hepatitis.
Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol. 1993; 423(3):169-176
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Denk Helmut
Gollowitsch Franz
Zatloukal Kurt
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Abstract:
This immunohistochemical study was designed to investigate the possible contribution to and topographical distribution of some important cytokines, such as tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukins, in acute alcoholic hepatitis. The well-known inductive capacity of these cytokines with respect to the expression and/or up-regulation of adhesion molecules, such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), was a further point to be studied. Moreover, the proposed induction of adhesion molecules might also be associated with the activation and attraction of a special population of inflammatory cells characteristic for alcoholic hepatitis. Frozen liver samples from patients who died with signs of acute alcoholic hepatitis were evaluated using the alkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase immunostaining technique and also single and double indirect immunofluorescence. In acute alcoholic hepatitis TNF alpha could be detected predominantly in ballooned hepatocytes, which often contained alcoholic hyalin (Mallory bodies). Moreover, TNF alpha showed a co-distribution with ICAM-1 expressed in the membranes of hepatocytes and with the occurrence of CD11b positive polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) suggesting a possible major role of the beta 2-integrin Mac-1 as a ligand for ICAM-1. No induction of ELAM-1 could be found. In alcoholic hepatitis cytokines may be responsible for the induction of the adhesion molecule ICAM-1 on hepatocytic membranes and activate a defined population of inflammatory cells, thus contributing to the characteristic histological picture of acute alcoholic hepatitis with its concentration of neutrophils especially in areas with ballooned Mallory body-containing hepatocytes. Our results are in line with clinical findings showing high levels of TNF alpha and interleukin-1 in sera of patients with alcoholic hepatitis and with the already reported expression of ICAM-1 on hepatocytes.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Antigens, CD - analysis
Antigens, CD11 - analysis
Antigens, CD18 - analysis
Cell Adhesion Molecules - analysis
Cytokines - analysis
E-Selectin - analysis
Female - analysis
Hepatitis, Alcoholic - metabolism
Humans - metabolism
Immunohistochemistry - metabolism
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 - metabolism
Liver - chemistry
Male - chemistry
Middle Aged - chemistry
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - analysis

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