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Bauer, T; Zagórska, A; Jurkin, J; Yasmin, N; Köffel, R; Richter, S; Gesslbauer, B; Lemke, G; Strobl, H.
Identification of Axl as a downstream effector of TGF-β1 during Langerhans cell differentiation and epidermal homeostasis.
J Exp Med. 2012; 209(11):2033-2047 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Bauer Thomas
Köffel René
Strobl Herbert

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Number of Figures: 9
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Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a fundamental regulator of immune cell development and function. In this study, we investigated the effects of TGF-β1 on the differentiation of human Langerhans cells (LCs) and identified Axl as a key TGF-β1 effector. Axl belongs to the TAM (Tyro3, Axl, and Mer) receptor tyrosine kinase family, whose members function as inhibitors of innate inflammatory responses in dendritic cells and are essential to the prevention of lupus-like autoimmunity. We found that Axl expression is induced by TGF-β1 during LC differentiation and that LC precursors acquire Axl early during differentiation. We also describe prominent steady-state expression as well as inflammation-induced activation of Axl in human epidermal keratinocytes and LCs. TGF-β1-induced Axl enhances apoptotic cell (AC) uptake and blocks proinflammatory cytokine production. The antiinflammatory role of Axl in the skin is reflected in a marked impairment of the LC network preceding spontaneous skin inflammation in mutant mice that lack all three TAM receptors. Our findings highlight the importance of constitutive Axl expression to tolerogenic barrier immunity in the epidermis and define a mechanism by which TGF-β1 enables silent homeostatic clearing of ACs to maintain long-term self-tolerance.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Apoptosis - drug effects
Blotting, Western -
Cell Differentiation - drug effects
Cells, Cultured -
Dermatitis, Contact - genetics
Epidermis - drug effects
Gene Expression - drug effects
Gene Expression Profiling -
Homeostasis - drug effects
Humans -
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins - genetics
Keratinocytes - cytology
Langerhans Cells - drug effects
Mice -
Mice, 129 Strain -
Mice, Inbred C57BL -
Mice, Knockout -
Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics
Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases - genetics
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction -
Signal Transduction - drug effects
Toll-Like Receptors - genetics
Transforming Growth Factor beta1 - pharmacology

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