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Boltz, A; Ruiâ, M; Jonas, JB; Tao, Y; Rensch, F; Weger, M; Garhöfer, G; Frantal, S; El-Shabrawi, Y; Schmetterer, L.
Role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Polymorphisms in the Treatment Success in Patients with Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration.
Ophthalmology. 2012; 119(8):1615-1620 Doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.02.001
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
El-Shabrawi Yosuf
Weger Martin

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Purpose: Along with environmental risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, and atherosclerosis, genetic susceptibility is a primary contributor to the development and progression of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a central angiogenic regulator and there has been general agreement now that it is an important trigger for the progression of exudative AMD. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that VEGF gene polymorphisms play a role in the treatment success with VEGF inhibitors in patients with exudative AMD. Design: Prospective cohort study. Participants: We included 185 eyes of 141 patients with exudative AMD who were scheduled for their first treatment with intravitreally administered bevacizumab in this trial. Methods: All patients were aged >50 years and had angiographically verified exudative AMD. Blood from the finger pad was collected on blood cards for genotyping for the VEGF polymorphisms rs1413711, rs3025039, rs2010963, rs833061, rs699947, rs3024997, and rs1005230. At each follow-up visit, visual acuity was reassessed and an ophthalmic examination was carried out. Visual acuity outcome, number of retreatments, and overall time of treatment were analyzed in dependence of the VEGF polymorphisms. Main Outcome Measures: Mean change in visual acuity at the end of the treatment period. Results: The included patients were reinjected with bevacizumab 1 to 15 times, resulting in a total treatment period of 42 to 1182 days. In univariate analysis only the G/G genotypes of rs3024997 and rs2010963 compared with all other 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showed a significantly lower visual acuity at the end of treatment. In multivariate analysis including parameters such as time, baseline visual acuity, and number of reinjections, none of the SNPs showed a significant correlation. Conclusions: The current study indicates that VEGF polymorphisms are not major predictors of anti-VEGF treatment success in patients with exudative AMD. Financial Disclosure(s): The authors have no proprietary or commercial interest in any of the materials discussed in this article. Ophthalmology 2012;119:1615-1620 (C) 2012 by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Aged -
Angiogenesis Inhibitors - therapeutic use
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized - therapeutic use
Cohort Studies -
Female -
Fluorescein Angiography -
Genotype -
Humans -
Intraocular Pressure -
Intravitreal Injections -
Male -
Middle Aged -
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide -
Prospective Studies -
Tomography, Optical Coherence -
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - antagonists and inhibitors Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - genetics
Visual Acuity - physiology
Wet Macular Degeneration - drug therapy Wet Macular Degeneration - genetics Wet Macular Degeneration - physiopathology

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