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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Mühlfeld, C; Das, SK; Heinzel, FR; Schmidt, A; Post, H; Schauer, S; Papadakis, T; Kummer, W; Hoefler, G.
Cancer induces cardiomyocyte remodeling and hypoinnervation in the left ventricle of the mouse heart.
PLoS One. 2011; 6(5):e20424-e20424 Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020424 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Das Suman Kumar
Heinzel Frank
Höfler Gerald
Post Heiner
Schauer Silvia
Schmidt Albrecht

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Cancer is often associated with cachexia, cardiovascular symptoms and autonomic dysregulation. We tested whether extracardiac cancer directly affects the innervation of left ventricular myocardium. Mice injected with Lewis lung carcinoma cells (tumor group, TG) or PBS (control group, CG) were analyzed after 21 days. Cardiac function (echocardiography), serum levels of TNF-α and Il-6 (ELISA), structural alterations of cardiomyocytes and their innervation (design-based stereology) and levels of innervation-related mRNA (quantitative RT-PCR) were analysed. The groups did not differ in various functional parameters. Serum levels of TNF-α and Il-6 were elevated in TG. The total length of axons in the left ventricle was reduced. The number of dense core vesicles per axon profile was reduced. Decreased myofibrillar volume, increased sarcoplasmic volume and increased volume of lipid droplets were indicative of metabolic alterations of TG cardiomyocytes. In the heart, the mRNA level of nerve growth factor was reduced whereas that of β1-adrenergic receptor was unchanged in TG. In the stellate ganglion of TG, mRNA levels of nerve growth factor and neuropeptide Y were decreased and that of tyrosine hydroxylase was increased. In summary, cancer induces a systemic pro-inflammatory state, a significant reduction in myocardial innervation and a catabolic phenotype of cardiomyocytes in the mouse. Reduced expression of nerve growth factor may account for the reduced myocardial innervation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Axons - pathology
Body Weight -
Carcinoma, Lewis Lung - blood
Carcinoma, Lewis Lung - pathology
Caspase 3 - metabolism
Caspase 7 - metabolism
Female -
Heart Ventricles - diagnostic imaging
Heart Ventricles - innervation
Heart Ventricles - physiopathology
Immunohistochemistry -
Interleukin-6 - blood
Lipid Peroxidation -
Mice -
Mice, Inbred C57BL -
Myocardium - pathology
Myocardium - ultrastructure
Myocytes, Cardiac - enzymology
Myocytes, Cardiac - pathology
Myocytes, Cardiac - ultrastructure
Nerve Fibers - ultrastructure
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction -
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - blood
Ultrasonography -
Ventricular Remodeling - physiology

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