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Gewählte Publikation:

Rao, PN; Walsh, TR; Makowka, L; Liu, T; Demetris, AJ; Rubin, RS; Snyder, JT; Mischinger, HJ; Starzl, TE.
Inhibition of free radical generation and improved survival by protection of the hepatic microvascular endothelium by targeted erythrocytes in orthotopic rat liver transplantation.
Transplantation. 1990; 49(6):1055-1059 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Mischinger Hans-Joerg
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Number of Figures: 7
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Abstract:
The capacity of specifically targeted erythrocytes to inhibit free radical-mediated injury to the endothelial cell after cold preservation, and improve liver function was studied in two experimental models: An isolated perfused rat liver (IPRL) system and syngeneic orthotopic rat liver transplantation. In the IPRL model, livers were preserved in University of Wisconsin solution for 24 h at 4 degrees C. At the end of the preservation period, livers were flushed with lactated Ringer's (control), immunoerythrocytes (IES), or blank intact erythrocytes prior to warm reperfusion for 2 h using an assanguinous Krebs-Henseleit buffer. Production of superoxide (O2-) anion during warm reperfusion in the IES-treated liver was reduced by 65% as compared with controls (P less than 0.001) and by 74% (P less than 0.001) when compared with blank erythrocyte-treated livers. Endothelial cell preservation, as assessed by levels of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), was much better in the IES-treated group (P less than 0.001) when compared with untreated livers. Hepatocellular preservation was markedly improved in the IES-treated livers. In the syngeneic liver transplantation model, livers were preserved in UW solution for 24 h at 4 degrees C. Prior to implantation, livers were flushed with 5 ml of cold lactated Ringer's or immunoerythrocytes. Survival after three weeks was 60% in the IES-treated group and 30% in the untreated group. Survival in the IES-treated group was not significantly different from a control (no preservation) group. IES-treated livers in both models demonstrated better endothelial cell integrity and ultimate liver function. IES treatment therefore appears to protect the hepatic microvascular endothelial cell from reperfusion injury and could prove to be an easy reproducible method of donor organ preparation after cold preservation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Bile - metabolism
Erythrocytes - immunology Erythrocytes - metabolism
Free Radicals -
Graft Survival -
Isotonic Solutions -
Liver - blood supply
Liver Transplantation - immunology
Male -
Rats -
Reperfusion Injury - enzymology Reperfusion Injury - prevention and control
Superoxides - metabolism
Tissue Preservation -

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