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Gilmore, S; Hofmann-Wellenhof, R; Soyer, HP.
A support vector machine for decision support in melanoma recognition.
Exp Dermatol. 2010; 19(9):830-835 Doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0625.2010.01112.x
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Hofmann-Wellenhof Rainer
Soyer Hans Peter

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The early diagnosis of melanoma is critical to achieving reduced mortality and increased survival. Although clinical examination is currently the method of choice for melanocytic lesion assessment, difficulties may arise in the diagnosis of atypical lesions. From both the naked eye and dermoscopic perspective, dysplastic naevi often exhibit a prominent heterogeneity of structure that renders their clinical distinction from melanoma difficult. To address these problems in diagnosis, there exists a heightened interest among researchers regarding the utility of machine learning techniques in computerised image analysis. Here we report on the utility, for dermatologists, of support vector machine (SVM) technology in melanoma diagnosis, using an archive of 199 digital dermoscopic images of excised atypical melanocytic lesions. Our best validation models achieved an average sensitivity and specificity for melanoma diagnosis of 0.86 and 0.72, respectively. Applying the best model to our test set yielded a sensitivity of 0.89, a diagnostic odds ratio of 14.09 and an area under the receiver operated characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.76. Advantages of the procedure implemented are the simplicity of feature extraction and the computationally cheap and efficient nature of SVMs. The derived model generalises well with outcomes that compare favourably with competing algorithms and expert assessment. In line with the concept of the utility of decision support systems in clinical practice, we propose that to reduce the risk of missed melanomas, both the dermatologists' assessment and the SVM diagnosis be incorporated into the clinical decision-making process.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Algorithms -
Decision Support Techniques -
Humans -
Melanoma - diagnosis
Nevus, Pigmented - diagnosis
Skin Neoplasms - diagnosis

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
computerised diagnosis
machine learning
Support vector machine
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