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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Lohberger, B; Glänzer, D; Eck, N; Kerschbaum-Gruber, S; Mara, E; Deycmar, S; Madl, T; Kashofer, K; Georg, P; Leithner, A; Georg, D.
Activation of efficient DNA repair mechanisms after photon and proton irradiation of human chondrosarcoma cells.
Sci Rep. 2021; 11(1): 24116 Doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-03529-9 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Lohberger Birgit
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Eck Nicole
Glänzer Dietmar
Kashofer Karl
Leithner Andreas
Madl Tobias

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Although particle therapy with protons has proven to be beneficial in the treatment of chondrosarcoma compared to photon-based (X-ray) radiation therapy, the cellular and molecular mechanisms have not yet been sufficiently investigated. Cell viability and colony forming ability were analyzed after X-ray and proton irradiation (IR). Cell cycle was analyzed using flow cytometry and corresponding regulator genes and key players of the DNA repair mechanisms were measured using next generation sequencing, protein expression and immunofluorescence staining. Changes in metabolic phenotypes were determined with nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Both X-ray and proton IR resulted in reduced cell survival and a G2/M phase arrest of the cell cycle. Especially 1 h after IR, a significant dose-dependent increase of phosphorylated γH2AX foci was observed. This was accompanied with a reprogramming in cellular metabolism. Interestingly, within 24 h the majority of clearly visible DNA damages were repaired and the metabolic phenotype restored. Involved DNA repair mechanisms are, besides the homology directed repair (HDR) and the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ), especially the mismatch mediated repair (MMR) pathway with the key players EXO1, MSH3, and PCNA. Chondrosarcoma cells regenerates the majority of DNA damages within 24 h. These molecular mechanisms represent an important basis for an improved therapy.

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