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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Joshi, L; Plastira, I; Bernhart, E; Reicher, H; Koyani, CN; Madl, T; Madreiter-Sokolowski, C; Koshenov, Z; Graier, WF; Hallström, S; Sattler, W.
Lysophosphatidic Acid Induces Aerobic Glycolysis, Lipogenesis, and Increased Amino Acid Uptake in BV-2 Microglia.
Int J Mol Sci. 2021; 22(4): Doi: 10.3390/ijms22041968 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Joshi Lisha
Sattler Wolfgang
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bernhart Eva Maria
Graier Wolfgang
Hallström Seth
Hinteregger Helga
Koshenov Zhanat
Koyani Chintan Navinchandra
Madl Tobias
Madreiter-Sokolowski Corina
Plastira Ioanna

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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) species are a family of bioactive lipids that transmit signals via six cognate G protein-coupled receptors, which are required for brain development and function of the nervous system. LPA affects the function of all cell types in the brain and can display beneficial or detrimental effects on microglia function. During earlier studies we reported that LPA treatment of microglia induces polarization towards a neurotoxic phenotype. In the present study we investigated whether these alterations are accompanied by the induction of a specific immunometabolic phenotype in LPA-treated BV-2 microglia. In response to LPA (1 µM) we observed slightly decreased mitochondrial respiration, increased lactate secretion and reduced ATP/ADP ratios indicating a switch towards aerobic glycolysis. Pathway analyses demonstrated induction of the Akt-mTOR-Hif1α axis under normoxic conditions. LPA treatment resulted in dephosphorylation of AMP-activated kinase, de-repression of acetyl-CoA-carboxylase and increased fatty acid content in the phospholipid and triacylglycerol fraction of BV-2 microglia lipid extracts, indicating de novo lipogenesis. LPA led to increased intracellular amino acid content at one or more time points. Finally, we observed LPA-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), phosphorylation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), upregulated protein expression of the Nrf2 target regulatory subunit of glutamate-cysteine ligase and increased glutathione synthesis. Our observations suggest that LPA, as a bioactive lipid, induces subtle alterations of the immunometabolic program in BV-2 microglia.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
aerobic glycolysis
fatty acids
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