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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Pausan, MR; Kolovetsiou-Kreiner, V; Richter, GL; Madl, T; Giselbrecht, E; Obermayer-Pietsch, B; Weiss, EC; Jantscher-Krenn, E; Moissl-Eichinger, C.
Human Milk Oligosaccharides Modulate the Risk for Preterm Birth in a Microbiome-Dependent and -Independent Manner.
mSystems. 2020; 5(3): Doi: 10.1128/mSystems.00334-20 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Jantscher-Krenn Evelyn
Kolovetsiou-Kreiner Vassiliki
Pausan Manuela-Raluca
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Madl Tobias
Moissl-Eichinger Christine
Obermayer-Pietsch Barbara
Richter Gesa Lucia
Weiss Eva Christine

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Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality. The causes for spontaneous PTB are multifactorial and often remain unknown. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) in blood and urine modulate the maternal urinary and vaginal microbiome and influence the risk for PTB. We analyzed the vaginal and urinary microbiome of a cross-sectional cohort of women with or without preterm labor and correlated our findings with measurements of metabolites and HMOs in urine and blood. We identified several microbial signatures, such as Lactobacillus jensenii, L. gasseri, Ureaplasma sp., and Gardnerella sp., associated with a short cervix, PTB, and/or preterm contractions. In addition, we observed associations between sialylated HMOs, in particular 3'-sialyllactose, with PTB, short cervix, and increased inflammation and confirmed an influence of HMOs on the microbiome profile. Since they identify serum and urinary HMOs and several key microorganisms associated with PTB, our findings point at two distinct processes modulating the risk for PTB. One process seems to be driven by sterile inflammation, characterized by increased concentrations of sialylated HMOs in serum. Another process might be microbiome mediated and potentially associated with specific HMO signatures in urine. Our results support current efforts to improve diagnostics and therapeutic strategies in PTB.IMPORTANCE The causes for preterm birth (PTB) often remain elusive. We investigated whether circulating human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) might be involved in modulating urinary and vaginal microbiome promoting or preventing PTB. We identified here HMOs and key microbial taxa associated with indicators of PTB. Based on our results, we propose two models for how HMOs might modulate risk for PTB: (i) by changes in HMOs associated with sterile inflammation (microbiome-independent) and (ii) by HMO-driven shifts in microbiome (microbiome-dependent). Our findings will guide current efforts to better predict the risk for PTB in seemingly healthy pregnant women and also provide appropriate preventive strategies. Copyright © 2020 Pausan et al.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
preterm delivery
vaginal and urinary microbiome
human milk oligosaccharides
secretor status
3 '-sialyllactose
3 ' SL
preterm birth
urinary microbiome
vaginal microbiome
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