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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Abdelaziz, H; von Förster, G; Kühn, KD; Gehrke, T; Citak, M.
Minimum 5 years' follow-up after gentamicin- and clindamycin-loaded PMMA cement in total joint arthroplasty.
J Med Microbiol. 2019; 68(3):475-479
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kühn Klaus-Dieter
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Abstract:
Due to numerous advantages of the combination of clindamycin and gentamicin in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement, promising preliminary results have been reported. However, there are no data that analyse mid-term outcomes. This pilot study included patients who experienced 5 years of follow-up and who were treated with gentamicin- and clindamycin-loaded (G+C) PMMA cement. They were divided into two groups: (1) the periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) comprising patients who underwent a one-stage exchange, and (2) aseptic group comprising patients who underwent aseptic revision or primary arthroplasty procedures, but were considered to be high-risk patients for infection. We evaluated the rate of septic and aseptic revision arthroplasty with a minimum of 5-year follow-up.Results/Key findings. A total of 32 patients in both groups were included. Eighteen patients belonged to the PJI-group and 14 belonged to the aseptic group. There was no reinfection among the patients of the PJI group. Infection was prevented in the aseptic group, including patients with a history of PJI or at higher risk of infection. No patient underwent an exchange of the cemented prosthesis at the 5-year follow-up [72-82 months, standard deviation (sd)=3.3]. The local use of G+C bone cement during septic and aseptic revision arthroplasty, was associated with a high success rate for the eradication of infection following one-stage septic exchange, and with prevention of infection in high-risk patients.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Clindamycin
gentamicin
antibiotic loaded bone cement (ALBC)
PMMA cement
prosthetic joint infection (PJI)
revision arthroplasty
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