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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Steinecker-Frohnwieser, B; Kaltenegger, H; Weigl, L; Mann, A; Kullich, W; Leithner, A; Lohberger, B.
Pharmacological treatment with diacerein combined with mechanical stimulation affects the expression of growth factors in human chondrocytes.
Biochem Biophys Rep. 2017; 11(10):154-160 [OPEN ACCESS]
PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kaltenegger Heike
Leithner Andreas
Lohberger Birgit
Steinecker-Frohnwieser Bibiane

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Osteoarthritis (OA) as the main chronic joint disease arises from a disturbed balance between anabolic and catabolic processes leading to destructions of articular cartilage of the joints. While mechanical stress can be disastrous for the metabolism of chondrocytes, mechanical stimulation at the physiological level is known to improve cell function. The disease modifying OA drug (DMOAD) diacerein functions as a slowly-acting drug in OA by exhibiting anti-inflammatory, anti-catabolic, and pro-anabolic properties on cartilage. Combining these two treatment options revealed positive effects on OA-chondrocytes. Cells were grown on flexible silicone membranes and mechanically stimulated by cyclic tensile loading. After seven days in the presence or absence of diacerein, inflammation markers and growth factors were analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme linked immune assays. The influence of conditioned medium was tested on cell proliferation and cell migration. Tensile strain and diacerein treatment reduced interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression, whereas cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) expression was increased only by mechanical stimulation. The basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was down regulated by the combined treatment modalities, whereas prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis was reduced only under OA conditions. The expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) was down-regulated by both. From our study we conclude that moderate mechanical stimulation appears beneficial for the fate of the cell and improves the pharmacological effect of diacerein based on cross-talks between different initiated pathways. Combining two different treatment options broadens the perspective to treat OA and improves chondrocytes metabolism.

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