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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Scheipl, S; Barnard, M; Cottone, L; Jorgensen, M; Drewry, DH; Zuercher, WJ; Turlais, F; Ye, H; Leite, AP; Smith, JA; Leithner, A; Möller, P; Brüderlein, S; Guppy, N; Amary, F; Tirabosco, R; Strauss, SJ; Pillay, N; Flanagan, AM.
EGFR inhibitors identified as a potential treatment for chordoma in a focused compound screen.
J Pathol. 2016; 239(3):320-334 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Leithner Andreas
Scheipl Susanne
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Number of Figures: 6
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Abstract:
Chordoma is a rare malignant bone tumour with a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. We undertook a focused compound screen (FCS) against 1097 compounds on three well-characterized chordoma cell lines; 154 compounds were selected from the single concentration screen (1 µm), based on their growth-inhibitory effect. Their half-maximal effective concentration (EC50 ) values were determined in chordoma cells and normal fibroblasts. Twenty-seven of these compounds displayed chordoma selective cell kill and 21/27 (78%) were found to be EGFR/ERBB family inhibitors. EGFR inhibitors in clinical development were then studied on an extended cell line panel of seven chordoma cell lines, four of which were sensitive to EGFR inhibition. Sapitinib (AstraZeneca) emerged as the lead compound, followed by gefitinib (AstraZeneca) and erlotinib (Roche/Genentech). The compounds were shown to induce apoptosis in the sensitive cell lines and suppressed phospho-EGFR and its downstream pathways in a dose-dependent manner. Analysis of substituent patterns suggested that EGFR-inhibitors with small aniline substituents in the 4-position of the quinazoline ring were more effective than inhibitors with large substituents in that position. Sapitinib showed significantly reduced tumour growth in two xenograft mouse models (U-CH1 xenograft and a patient-derived xenograft, SF8894). One of the resistant cell lines (U-CH2) was shown to express high levels of phospho-MET, a known bypass signalling pathway to EGFR. Neither amplifications (EGFR, ERBB2, MET) nor mutations in EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB4, PIK3CA, BRAF, NRAS, KRAS, PTEN, MET or other cancer gene hotspots were detected in the cell lines. Our findings are consistent with the reported (p-)EGFR expression in the majority of clinical samples, and provide evidence for exploring the efficacy of EGFR inhibitors in the treatment of patients with chordoma and studying possible resistance mechanisms to these compounds in vitro and in vivo. © 2016 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. © 2016 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Antineoplastic Agents - pharmacology
Apoptosis - drug effects
Cell Line, Tumor -
Cell Proliferation - drug effects
Chordoma - drug therapy
Chordoma - pathology
Disease Models, Animal -
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug -
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm -
Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor -
ErbB Receptors - antagonists & inhibitors
Erlotinib Hydrochloride - pharmacology
Gefitinib -
Humans -
Mice -
Quinazolines - pharmacology
Signal Transduction -
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
chordoma
drug screen
EGFR
ERBB family
AZD8931
resistance
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