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Avian, A; Messerer, B; Weinberg, A; Meissner, W; Schneider, C; Berghold, A.
The impact of item order and sex on self-report of pain intensity in children.
Health Psychol. 2016; 35(5):483-491
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Avian Alexander
Berghold Andrea
Messerer Brigitte
Weinberg Annelie-Martina
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Abstract:
When questionnaires are used for pain assessment, the order effect must be taken into consideration; that is, whether the answer to a pain item is influenced by answers given to previous items. This study aimed to evaluate possible order effects in children and adolescents when answering pain items. Furthermore, the possible influence of sex on order effects was analyzed. Three pain items (worst, at movement, and at rest) were given in 6 different orders. Two hundred and 46 postoperative hospitalized children and adolescents (age range of 11-18 years, mean of 14.4 years; female: 41%, duration of surgery range of 2-274 min) participated in this study. Each item order was answered by 40-43 children and adolescents. While there were no general order effects, we observed a sex-specific order effect. The position of pain at rest (p = .034) and pain on movement (p = .036) items had different influences on worst pain values in female patients compared to male patients. A sex-specific influence on pain at rest values was only caused by the position of pain on movement items (p = .036). The fact that male and female pediatric patients are differently influenced by the order of pain items has to be considered in planning a questionnaire. As more specific items (pain on movement) are less influenced by the item order effect, they should be preferred. (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Child -
Female -
Humans -
Male -
Movement -
Pain Measurement - methods
Pain, Postoperative - diagnosis
Pain, Postoperative - psychology
Self Report -
Severity of Illness Index -
Sex Factors -
Surveys and Questionnaires -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
sex effect
order effect
pain
children
adolescent
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