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Myrissa, A; Agha, NA; Lu, Y; Martinelli, E; Eichler, J; Szakács, G; Kleinhans, C; Willumeit-Römer, R; Schäfer, U; Weinberg, AM.
In vitro and in vivo comparison of binary Mg alloys and pure Mg.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2016; 61: 865-874. [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Eichler Johannes
Kleinhans Claudia
Martinelli Elisabeth
Myrissa Anastasia
Schäfer Ute
Weinberg Annelie-Martina
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Abstract:
Biodegradable materials are under investigation due to their promising properties for biomedical applications as implant material. In the present study, two binary magnesium (Mg) alloys (Mg2Ag and Mg10Gd) and pure Mg (99.99%) were used in order to compare the degradation performance of the materials in in vitro to in vivo conditions. In vitro analysis of cell distribution and viability was performed on discs of pure Mg, Mg2Ag and Mg10Gd. The results verified viable pre-osteoblast cells on all three alloys and no obvious toxic effect within the first two weeks. The degradation rates in in vitro and in vivo conditions (Sprague-Dawley® rats) showed that the degradation rates differ especially in the 1st week of the experiments. While in vitro Mg2Ag displayed the fastest degradation rate, in vivo, Mg10Gd revealed the highest degradation rate. After four weeks of in vitro immersion tests, the degradation rate of Mg2Ag was significantly reduced and approached the values of pure Mg and Mg10Gd. Interestingly, after 4 weeks the estimated in vitro degradation rates approximate in vivo values. Our systematic experiment indicates that a correlation between in vitro and in vivo observations still has some limitations that have to be considered in order to perform representative in vitro experiments that display the in vivo situation.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Magnesium alloys
Biodegradable implants
Degradation rate
in vitro
in vivo
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