Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Friesenbichler, J; Leithner, A; Glehr, M; Sadoghi, P; Maurer-Ertl, W; Avian, A; Windhager, R.
Evaluation of stability of rotating hinge knee prostheses: a biomechanical study.
ISRN Orthop. 2013; 2013(1):701693-701693 [OPEN ACCESS]
PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Avian Alexander
Friesenbichler Jörg
Glehr Mathias
Leithner Andreas
Maurer-Ertl Werner
Sadoghi Patrick
Windhager Reinhard
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Number of Figures: 4
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Abstract:
Purpose. Rotating hinge knee prostheses should provide a stable situation following reconstruction. We performed a biomechanical analysis to establish the association between design of the central rotational stem (peg) and implant's stability, in a theoretical setting. Methods. Six different rotating hinge designs were tested, and three observers performed two different measurements with a custom made biomechanical apparatus and laterally directed pressure. The aim was to assign the degree of tilting of the peg within the vertical post-in channel by extending the distraction as well as the maximum amount of distraction before the peg's dislocation. An intraclass-correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to determine the observer's reliability. Results. Implant designs with cylindrical pegs of different lengths were superior to implant designs with conical or other shaped pegs concerning stability and maximum amount of distraction before dislocation, showing steep rising distraction-angular displacement curves. The ICC at 15 mm and 25 mm of distraction revealed high interobserver reliability (P < 0.001). Conclusion. The biomechanical analysis showed that rotating hinge prostheses with long and cylindrical pegs have the highest stability at any given amount of distraction. Designs with shorter and markedly tapered pegs may become unstable under conditions of mild joint distraction which has to be proven in future in vivo investigations.

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