Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Puchwein, P; Heidari, N; Dorr, K; Struger, L; Pichler, W.
Computer-aided analysis of radial head morphometry.
Orthopedics. 2013; 36(1):e51-e57
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Dorr Katrin
Pichler Wolfgang
Puchwein Paul
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Abstract:
Operative treatment of displaced and comminuted radial head fractures involves internal fixation with plates and screws in cases where reconstruction is possible and replacement with a radial head prosthesis when comminution renders the radial head unreconstructable. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the morphometry of the radial head using a modern technique and to compare the findings with several commercially available radial head prostheses. Computed tomography scans of 30 cadaveric elbows and 3-dimensional reconstructions were used to analyze the morphometry of the proximal radius. Results were compared with the manufacturer data of several radial head prostheses. Mean diameter of the radial head at the level of the fovea was 19±1.58 mm (range, 15.82-21.81 mm) in the anteroposterior plane and 18.62±1.78 mm (range, 15.48-22.21 mm) in the radioulnar plane. Mean diameter of the radial head at its widest part was 23.15±1.94 mm (range, 19.45-26.49 mm) in the anteroposterior plane and 22.44±1.73 mm (range, 19.64-25.44 mm) in the radioulnar plane. Mean diameter of the radial head at the level of the head-neck junction was 15.42±1.59 mm (range, 11.80-18.46 mm) in the anteroposterior plane and 14.75±1.39 mm (range, 12.32-17.31 mm) in the radioulnar plane. Statistically significant sex differences existed in the maximum diameter of the radial head, the diameter at the level of the head-neck junction, and the length of the radial head. Currently available radial head prostheses cover the range of sizes encountered. Products with a choice of head and stem sizes in any combination are preferable. In unstable elbow fractures, correct implant size is an important factor to avoid subluxation of the radial head (Mason type IV fractures) if collateral ligaments are sufficient.
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Elbow Joint - anatomy & histology
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Humans -
Male -
Middle Aged -
Radius - anatomy & histology
Radius Fractures - surgery
Reference Values -

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