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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Oberbach, A; Schlichting, N; Heinrich, M; Lehmann, S; Till, H; Mohr, FW; Mannello, F; Stolzenburg, JU; Neuhaus, J.
Weight loss surgery improves the metabolic status in an obese rat model but does not affect bladder fibrosis associated with high fat diet feeding.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2014; 38(8):1061-1067
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Till Holger
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Abstract:
Bladder dysfunction has one of the highest prevalences as a comorbidity of obesity in industrialized countries. The aetiopathogenesis of obesity-associated bladder dysfunction is still obscure, but there is growing evidence that general metabolic changes in obese patients may be in part responsible. As demonstrated recently, high fat diet (HFD) significantly alters the protein expression in the urinary bladder, activates multiple signalling pathways associated with cell survival and inflammation and ultimately provokes bladder fibrosis in an obese rat model. The study aimed to elucidate the role of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and their specific tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs) in obesity-related bladder extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling and the effect of weight loss surgery via sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on phenotype and molecular parameters. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for (i) characterization of the HFD phenotype and (ii) evaluation of alterations following SG. Metabolic status, the degree of bladder fibrosis and tissue expression and activity of MMP2, MMP9, MMP14, TIMP1 and TIMP2 were analysed by immunohistochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and activity assays. Statistical differences were calculated by analysis of variance or independent Student's t-test. A P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. In HFD rats, we found significant alterations in lipid metabolism, fat mass, free fatty acid profile, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers. Voided volume was significantly decreased, and bladder showed marked fibrosis. MMPs and TIMPs were differentially regulated depending on animal status (controls, chow diet, HFD, and SG- and sham-operated animals) in both urothelium and detrusor smooth muscle. Although animal weight and most metabolic parameters were positively affected by SG, bladder fibrosis persisted. The limitations of this study were 1 month follow-up and lack of direct measurement of bladder function. Early diagnosis of the bladder dysfunction associated with obesity is essential to allow targeted early intervention, that is, before manifestation of potentially irreversible ECM fibrotic alterations.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Bariatric Surgery -
Cells, Cultured -
Diet, High-Fat - adverse effects
Disease Models, Animal -
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay -
Fibrosis -
Lipid Metabolism -
Male -
Matrix Metalloproteinases - metabolism
Obesity - complications
Obesity - enzymology
Obesity - metabolism
Obesity - pathology
Obesity - surgery
Rats -
Rats, Sprague-Dawley -
Urinary Bladder - pathology
Urinary Bladder Diseases - enzymology
Urinary Bladder Diseases - etiology
Urinary Bladder Diseases - pathology
Urinary Bladder Diseases - surgery
Weight Loss -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
high fat diet rat model
bladder dysfunction
fibrosis
sleeve gastrectomy
matrix metalloproteinase
tissue inhibitor of MMP
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