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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Ackbar, R; Malvasio, V; Holzer, P; Saxena, AK.
In vitro effect of bethanechol and suberyldicholine on regions of guinea pig esophagus.
J Surg Res. 2012; 174(1): 56-61.
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Ackbar Richard
Holzer Peter
Malvasio Valeria
Saxena Amulya Kumar

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Plum Analytics:
BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is envisaged as the future option for esophageal replacement; however, engineering of a functional esophagus is impeded by the limited understanding of the anatomical complexity of this dynamic muscular organ. The aim of this study was to characterize the function of native esophageal tissue and determine differences in functional response to stimulation between anatomical sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in-vitro response of guinea pig esophageal preparations, from various anatomical sites, to muscle agonists was investigated. Esophageal strips were exposed to bethanechol, an agonist of muscarinic receptors located on smooth muscle, and suberyldicholine, an agonist of nicotinic receptors located on striated muscle, within a Schuler organ bath, to determine the contractile response on the various segments of the esophagus. RESULTS: The esophagus responded in a reliable and consistent manner to agonist stimulation. Bethanechol dose response curves were constructed with doses of 10 to 300 ìM. The average maximal contractions to bethanechol exposure were 4.51, 4.80, 5.55, and 9.15 mN for upper, upper middle, lower middle, and lower esophageal segments, respectively. Responses to singular stimulation with 30 ìM suberyldicholine in the presence of tetrodotoxin (100 ìM) gave average contractions of 1.07, 0.84, 2.60, and 3.02 mN for upper, upper middle, lower middle, and lower esophageal segments, respectively. Bethanechol and suberyldicholine-induced responses were greater in the lower esophagus in comparison to the upper esophageal segments. CONCLUSION: These findings pave the way for the use of an in-vitro bethanechol and suberyldicholine-induced contraction model for future assessment of engineered esophageal tissue. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Bethanechol - pharmacology
Choline - analogs and derivatives
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug -
Esophagus - drug effects
Female -
Guinea Pigs -
Male -
Muscle Contraction - drug effects
Tetrodotoxin - pharmacology
Tissue Engineering -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
tissue engineering
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