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Feichtinger, M; Mossböck, R; Kärcher, H.
Assessment of bone resorption after secondary alveolar bone grafting using three-dimensional computed tomography: a three-year study.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2007; 44(2):142-148
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Feichtinger Matthias
Kärcher Hans
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Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: Secondary bone grafting plays an important role in the dental rehabilitation of patients with clefts of the lip, alveolus, and palate. A major complication of this surgical technique is resorption of the grafted bone transplant. Conventional two-dimensional radiographs are often inconclusive and do not demonstrate the true deficit. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the amount and exact location of bone loss on the basis of three-dimensional models over a period of 3 years. DESIGN: Twenty-four patients with unilateral cleft palate were included in this prospective study. Axial computed tomography scans of all patients were taken immediately preoperatively, and 1, 2, and 3 years postoperatively. Volumetric analysis was performed on three-dimensional models of the cleft defects and the bone bridges using three-dimensional computed tomography. INTERVENTIONS: All patients were treated by secondary alveolar bone grafting prior to eruption of the permanent canine. RESULTS: Extensive bone resorption was found in the bucco-palatal dimension of the alveolar portion of the transplant. The success rate of secondary bone grafting was high in cases of rapid orthodontic gap closures. The mean bone loss in the first year after surgery was 49.5%. The transplants remained almost constant in the following 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: Radiographic scales based on orthopantomography only evaluate the vertical dimension of the transplants. This study, however, showed that bone resorption in the transversal dimension is clearly underestimated with conventional two-dimensional radiographs.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Alveolar Process - radiography
Alveoloplasty -
Bone Resorption - radiography
Bone Transplantation - radiography
Child -
Cleft Lip - radiographyCleft Lip - surgery
Cleft Palate - radiographyCleft Palate - surgery
Cuspid - physiology
Female -
Follow-Up Studies -
Graft Survival -
Humans -
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted - methods
Imaging, Three-Dimensional - methods
Male -
Maxilla - radiographyMaxilla - surgery
Palate - radiography
Postoperative Complications - radiography
Prospective Studies -
Tomography, X-Ray Computed - methods
Tooth Eruption - physiology
Treatment Outcome -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
alveolar cleft
secondary bone grafting
3D models
three-dimensional computed tomography
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