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Muchitsch, AP; Winsauer, H; Wendl, B; Pichelmayer, M; Kuljuh, E; Szalay, A; Muchitsch, M.
Remodelling of the palatal dome following rapid maxillary expansion (RME): laser scan-quantifications during a low growth period.
ORTHOD CRANIOFAC RES. 2012; 15(1): 30-38.
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kuljuh Elma
Muchitsch Alfred Peter
Pichelmayer Margit
Szalay Alexander
Wendl Brigitte
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Abstract:
Structured Abstract Objectives To evaluate changes in the palatal vault after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) with bonded splint appliances. Setting and Sample Population The sample comprised 24 children (12 boys and 12 girls) with mixed dentition (mean age 8.3 years; range 6.410.4 years). Materials and Methods Following expansion, the splint appliance was used as a retainer for 6 months and then removed. Study casts were taken before RME (T0) and when the appliance was removed (T1). Then, 3D laser scans were taken to build complete 3D jaw models. Frontal cross sections were constructed at 5363, 5565 and 1626, exported as coordinates, and finite element calculated to quantify their area, width and height. Maxillary length was also determined. Results Paired t-tests indicated statistically significant increases in the average palatal width (T1T0 = 6.536.79 mm) and cross-sectional area (T1T0 = 20.3921.39 mm2) after RME (p < 0.001). However, small but statistically significant reductions were observed in palatal height (T1T0 = -0.49 mm, only at 5565; p < 0.001) and length (T1T0 = -0.54 mm; p < 0.01). Linear regression analysis showed statistically significant (p < 0.001) direct correlations between the widths and respective cross-sectional areas. Age did not influence any measurement. The reliability of the measurements was examined with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). We found an ICC > 0.99 (p < 0.001) for all tested parameters. Conclusions Rapid maxillary expansion distinctly increased mean palatal widths and cross-sectional areas. However, palatal height (5565) and maxillary length decreased to a small extent.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Anatomy, Cross-Sectional -
Bone Remodeling - physiology
Cephalometry - methods
Child -
Female -
Finite Element Analysis -
Follow-Up Studies -
Humans -
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted - methods
Imaging, Three-Dimensional - methods
Lasers -
Male -
Malocclusion - therapy
Maxilla - growth and development Maxilla - pathology
Models, Anatomic -
Orthodontic Appliance Design -
Orthodontic Retainers -
Palatal Expansion Technique - instrumentation
Palate, Hard - growth and development Palate, Hard - pathology
Retrospective Studies -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
3D laser scanning
palatal vault remodelling
rapid maxillary expansion
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