Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Barabino, S; Horwath-Winter, J; Messmer, EM; Rolando, M; Aragona, P; Kinoshita, S.
The role of systemic and topical fatty acids for dry eye treatment.
Prog Retin Eye Res. 2017; 61(1):23-34
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Horwath-Winter Jutta
Altmetrics:

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Abstract:
Dry eye is a prevalent condition and one of the main reasons for patients to seek ophthalmic medical care. A low systemic level of omega fatty acids is a risk factor for dry eye disease (DED). There are two groups of essential fatty acids (EFAs): the omega-6 (n-6) family and the omega-3 (n-3) family. Humans evolved on a diet in which the n-6:n-3 ratio was approximately 1:1, however the current Western diet tends to be deficient in n-3 EFAs and this ratio is typically much higher (approaching 17:1). The metabolism of EFAs generates four new families of local acting mediators: lipoxins, resolvins, protectins, and maresins. These molecules have anti-inflammatory and pro-resolution properties. We present a critical overview of animal model studies and human clinical trials that have shown that dietary modification and oral supplementation could be complementary therapeutic strategies for the treatment of dry eye. Furthermore, we discuss preliminary results of the topical application of n-3 and n-6 EFAs because these molecules may act as natural anti-inflammatory agents with positive changes of the entire ocular surface system. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Anti-Inflammatory Agents - therapeutic use
Dietary Fats - therapeutic use
Disease Models, Animal -
Dry Eye Syndromes - drug therapy
Dry Eye Syndromes - metabolism
Fatty Acids, Essential - therapeutic use
Humans -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Dry eye disease
Ocular surface
Inflammation
Essential fatty acids
© Meduni Graz Impressum