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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Walsh, NM; Castonguay, MC; Carter, MD; Pasternak, S; Ly, TY; Doucette, S; Hanly, JG; Saggini, A; Cerroni, L.
Global PD-L1 Signals and Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes: Markers of Immunogenicity in Different Subsets of Merkel Cell Carcinoma and Potential Therapeutic Implications
AM J DERMATOPATH. 2019; 41(11): 819-825.
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Cerroni Lorenzo
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Abstract:
We previously studied the genetic and immunohistochemical profiles of subsets of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) stratified by morphology and Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) status. Recent advances in the immunotherapy of this disease prompted us to examine markers of immunogenicity [PD-L1 expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILS) in these subsets]. The observed clinical responses to checkpoint inhibition of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway have not correlated with PD-L1 expression by MCC cells, and recent evidence suggests that functions of this pathway within the immune tumor microenvironment may be relevant. We conducted a semiquantitative (high, moderate, and minimal) immunohistochemical evaluation of the global PD-L1 signal in 52 cases of MCC, segregated in 3 subsets [pure MCPyV-positive (n = 28), pure MCPyV-negative (n = 9), and combined MCPyV-negative (n = 15)]. TILS were categorized as brisk, nonbrisk, or absent. Intersubset comparisons revealed that high global PD-L1 signals were exclusively associated with pure MCPyV-positive MCCs contrasted with virus-negative cases (P = 0.0003). Moderate signals were seen across all 3 groups. Brisk TILS were significantly associated with MCPyV-positive MCCs compared with MCPyV-negative cases (P = 0.029). Neither parameter (PD-L1 or TILS) was significantly different between the MCPyV-negative groups. Of potential clinical relevance, MCPyV seems to convey greater immunogenicity to MCCs than the high mutational burden/greater neoantigen load of MCPyV-negative cases. Interesting too is the fact that subset-related profiles of these markers mirrored those noted at genetic and immunohistochemical levels, separating pure MCPyV-positive MCCs from the virus-negative subsets.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Merkel cell carcinoma
cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma
tumor microenvironment
PD-L1
antitumoral immune response
tumor infiltrating lymphocytes
Merkel cell polyomavirus
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