Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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Bishop, BE; Wulkan, A; Kerdel, F; El-Shabrawi-Caelen, L; Tosti, A.
Nail Alterations in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Series and Review of Nail Manifestations.
Skin Appendage Disord. 2015; 1(2):82-86 [OPEN ACCESS]
PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
El-Shabrawi-Caelen Laila
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Abstract:
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) encompasses a broad range of lymphoproliferative diseases affecting the skin and can be clinically misleading due to its variable presentation. Nail alterations commonly appear in advanced-stage mycosis fungoides and true Sézary syndrome; however, they may be present in any stage of the disease. Although proper recognition of nail involvement in CTCL has both clinical and therapeutic value, specific nail findings have been infrequently described in the current literature. We describe 4 patients with CTCL who presented with clinically significant nail alterations. The most common findings were nail discoloration, thickening, crumbling, onycholysis, and onychomadesis. Other notable findings included splinter hemorrhages, subungual hyperkeratosis, and anonychia. The described cases illustrate many of the documented nail findings associated with CTCL and emphasize the variable nature of nail manifestations. The presence of specific nail alterations should increase the clinical suspicion of CTCL - especially in patients with concomitant systemic and/or cutaneous manifestations - and early biopsy specimens should be taken for diagnosis. Nail alterations should also be accurately described and monitored in all patients with biopsy-confirmed CTCL to help identify treatment response and detect disease recurrence.

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