Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Sbiera, S; Kroiss, M; Thamm, T; Beyer, M; Majidi, F; Kuehner, D; Wobser, M; Becker, JC; Adam, P; Ronchi, C; Allolio, B; Fassnacht, M; .
Survivin in Adrenocortical Tumors Pathophysiological Implications and Therapeutic Potential.
HORMONE METAB RES. 2013; 45(2): 137-146. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Becker Jürgen Christian
Altmetrics:

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Abstract:
Treatment options for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) are very limited. In other solid tumors, small vaccination trials targeting the anti-apoptotic molecule survivin suggested immunological and clinical benefit in selected patients. Therefore, we investigated whether survivin might be a suitable target for immunotherapy in ACC. Survivin mRNA and protein expression was assessed in adrenal tissue specimens [by real-time-PCR in 29 ACC, 24 adrenocortical adenomas (ACA) and 12 normal adrenal glands; by immunohistochemistry in 167 ACCs, 15 ACA, and 5 normal adrenal glands]. Expression was correlated with clinical outcome using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. The anti-apoptotic role of survivin was investigated in the SW13 ACC cell line using survivin siRNA. The presence of spontaneous survivin specific T-cells in peripheral blood was assessed by FACS dextramere staining in 29 ACC patients in comparison to healthy controls. Survivin mRNA in ACC was significantly overexpressed when compared with ACA or normal adrenal glands. Immunohistochemistry confirmed survivin protein expression in 97% of the ACCs. In 83% of samples, staining was moderate or high and clinical outcome in this subgroup showed a trend towards poorer prognosis [hazard ratio for death 2.28 (95% CI 0.99-5.28); p=0.053]. Survivin knockdown in SW-13 cell significantly increased the rate of apoptosis. Finally, spontaneous survivin-reactive T cells were detectable in 3 of 29 ACC patients. In conclusion, our data suggest that survivin could play an important role in the anti-apoptotic mechanisms in ACC and provide first hints that targeting survivin might be an interesting new therapeutic approach in this rare disease.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adrenal Cortex - drug effects Adrenal Cortex - metabolism Adrenal Cortex - pathology
Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms - diagnosis Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms - drug therapy Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms - metabolism Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms - pathology
Adrenocortical Adenoma - drug therapy Adrenocortical Adenoma - metabolism Adrenocortical Adenoma - physiopathology
Adrenocortical Carcinoma - diagnosis Adrenocortical Carcinoma - drug therapy Adrenocortical Carcinoma - metabolism Adrenocortical Carcinoma - pathology
Adult -
Aged -
Antineoplastic Agents - therapeutic use
Cell Line, Tumor -
Cohort Studies -
Female -
Follow-Up Studies -
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic - drug effects
Humans -
Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins - genetics Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins - metabolism
Male -
Middle Aged -
Molecular Targeted Therapy -
Neoplasm Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors Neoplasm Proteins - genetics Neoplasm Proteins - metabolism
Prognosis -
RNA Interference -
Survival Analysis -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
adrenocortical carcinoma
BIRC5
apoptosis
prognosis
therapy
© Meduni Graz Impressum