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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Geraldes, R; Jurynczyk, M; dos Passos, GR; Pichler, A; Chung, K; Hagens, M; Ruggieri, S; Auger, C; Sastre-Garriga, J; Enzinger, C; Chard, D; Barkhof, F; Gasperini, C; Rovira, A; DeLuca, G; Palace, J.
The role of pontine lesion location in differentiating multiple sclerosis from vascular risk factor-related small vessel disease
MULT SCLER J. 2020; 1352458520943777
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Enzinger Christian
Pichler Alexander
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Abstract:
Background: Differentiating multiple sclerosis (MS) from vascular risk factor (VRF)-small vessel disease (SVD) can be challenging. Objective and Methods: In order to determine whether or not pontine lesion location is a useful discriminator of MS and VRF-SVD, we classified pontine lesions on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as central or peripheral in 93 MS cases without VRF, 108 MS patients with VRF and 43 non-MS cases with VRF. Results: MS without VRF were more likely to have peripheral pons lesions (31.2%, 29/93) than non-MS with VRF (0%, 0/43) (Exp(B) = 29.8; 95% confidence interval (CI) = (1.98, 448.3);p = 0.014) but there were no significant differences regarding central pons lesions between MS without VRF (5.4%, 5/93) and non-MS with VRF patients (16.3%, 7/43) (Exp(B) = 0.89; 95% CI = (0.2, 3.94);p = 0.87). The presence of peripheral pons lesions discriminated between MS and VRF-SVD with 100% (95% CI = (91.8, 100)) specificity. The proportion of peripheral pons lesions in MS with VRF (30.5%, 33/108) was similar to that seen in MS without VRF (31.2%, 29/93,p = 0.99). Central lesions occurred in similar frequency in MS with VRF (8.3%, 9/108) and non-MS with VRF (16.3%, 7/43,p = 0.15). Conclusion: Peripheral pons lesion location is a good discriminator of MS from vascular lesions.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Multiple sclerosis
cerebral small vessel disease
imaging
differential diagnosis
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