Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Ferretti, MT; Martinkova, J; Biskup, E; Benke, T; Gialdini, G; Nedelska, Z; Rauen, K; Mantua, V; Religa, D; Hort, J; Santuccione Chadha, A; Schmidt, R.
Sex and gender differences in Alzheimer's disease: current challenges and implications for clinical practice.
Eur J Neurol. 2020;
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Schmidt Reinhold

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by high heterogeneity in disease manifestation, progression and risk factors. High phenotypic variability is currently regarded as one of the biggest hurdles in early diagnosis and in the design of clinical trials; there is therefore great interest in identifying factors driving variability and that can be used for patient stratification. In addition to genetic and life-style factors, the individual's sex and gender is emerging as a crucial driver of phenotypic variability. Evidence exists on sex and gender differences in the rate of cognitive deterioration and brain atrophy, in the effect of risk factors as well as in the patterns of diagnostic biomarkers. Such evidence might be of high relevance, and requires attention in clinical practice and clinical trials. However, sex and gender differences are currently seldom appreciated; importantly, consideration for sex and gender differences is not currently a focus in the design and analysis of clinical trials for AD. The objective of this position paper is (i) to provide an overview of known sex and gender differences which might have implications for clinical practice, (ii) to identify the most important knowledge gaps in the field (with a special regard to clinical trials) and (iii) to provide conclusions for future studies. This scientific statement is endorsed by European Academy of Neurology (EAN). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
risk factors
sex differences
© Med Uni Graz Impressum