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Seiler, S; Fletcher, E; Hassan-Ali, K; Weinstein, M; Beiser, A; Himali, JJ; Satizabal, CL; Seshadri, S; DeCarli, C; Maillard, P.
Cerebral tract integrity relates to white matter hyperintensities, cortex volume, and cognition.
Neurobiol Aging. 2018; 72(6):14-22 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Seiler Stephan

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We examined the relationship among white matter (WM) tract integrity, WM hyperintensities (WMH), lobar gray matter (GM) volumes, and cognition in the cross-sectional Framingham Offspring Study. Six hundred eighty participants (71.7 ± 7.7 years) completed cognitive testing and magnetic resonance imaging. Diffusion tensor imaging probabilistic tractography was used to reconstruct major WM tracts. We computed tract-specific mean fractional anisotropy (FA) and tract-specific WMH ratio. Linear regressions identified relations between tracts and lobar GM volumes. Partial least squares regression examined associations between integrity of combined tracts, lobar GM volumes and cognition, including scores of memory and processing speed. Five tracts were particularly vulnerable to WMH, and tract-specific WMH volumes were inversely associated with tract-specific FA (p values < 0.05). Tract-specific FA related to lobar GM volumes. Memory was associated with lobar GM, while processing speed related to both tract integrity and lobar GM volumes. We conclude that subtle microstructural WM tract degeneration relates to specific lobar GM atrophy. The integrity of associated WM tracts and GM lobes differentially impacts memory and processing speed. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
White matter hyperintensities
Cognitive aging
Magnetic resonance imaging
Diffusion tensor imaging
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