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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Kaiser, R; Archelos-Garcia, JJ; Jilg, W; Rauer, S; Sturzenegger, M.
Early Summer- Meningo Encephalitis (FSME) Tick Bone Encephalitis
AKTUEL NEUROL. 2017; 44(3): 161-169.
Web of Science

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Archelos-Garcia Juan-Jose
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Abstract:
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an acute inflammation of the nervous system caused by a virus of the same name. Reservoirs for the TBE viruses are small rodents of the forest and meadows and rarely also goats, which explains the spatial limitation to endemic areas ("natural foci"). TBE virus is transmitted mainly by ticks, but occasionally also by products from non-pasteurized goat ' s milk. Infections can occur throughout the year, but most of the diseases present during the high summer months. More than 90% of infections occur during leisure time. However, it is a typical occupational disease for farmers and foresters. In approximately 70% of the patients, TBE manifests itself with a two-phase fever course. After an incubation period of 5 -28 days, the patients first develop a general feeling of illness, headaches and fever (prodromal phase). After a temporary improvement, a new episode of fever marks the beginning of the second phase of the disease a few days later. This is manifested in about 50% of the cases as isolated meningitis, in 40% as meningoencephalitis and in 10% as meningoencephalomyelitis. Frequently, there are quantitative and qualitative disturbances of consciousness and ataxia. The early onset of swallowing and speech disturbances, paralysis of the facial and throat muscles as well as the need for assisted ventilation indicates an unfavorable prognosis. In children and adolescents, TBE is often unspecific with the symptoms of a flu infection and thus more benign than in adults. With age, not only the course is more serious, but also the number of residual deficits increases.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
TBE
Tick-borne encephalitis
Meningitis
Encephalitis
Myelitis
Vaccin
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