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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Chatnuntawech, I; McDaniel, P; Cauley, SF; Gagoski, BA; Langkammer, C; Martin, A; Grant, PE; Wald, LL; Setsompop, K; Adalsteinsson, E; Bilgic, B.
Single-step quantitative susceptibility mapping with variational penalties.
NMR Biomed. 2017; 30(4): [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Langkammer Christian
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Number of Figures: 8
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Abstract:
Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) estimates the underlying tissue magnetic susceptibility from the gradient echo (GRE) phase signal through background phase removal and dipole inversion steps. Each of these steps typically requires the solution of an ill-posed inverse problem and thus necessitates additional regularization. Recently developed single-step QSM algorithms directly relate the unprocessed GRE phase to the unknown susceptibility distribution, thereby requiring the solution of a single inverse problem. In this work, we show that such a holistic approach provides susceptibility estimation with artifact mitigation and develop efficient algorithms that involve simple analytical solutions for all of the optimization steps. Our methods employ total variation (TV) and total generalized variation (TGV) to jointly perform the background removal and dipole inversion in a single step. Using multiple spherical mean value (SMV) kernels of varying radii permits high-fidelity background removal whilst retaining the phase information in the cortex. Using numerical simulations, we demonstrate that the proposed single-step methods reduce the reconstruction error by up to 66% relative to the multi-step methods that involve SMV background filtering with the same number of SMV kernels, followed by TV- or TGV-regularized dipole inversion. In vivo single-step experiments demonstrate a dramatic reduction in dipole streaking artifacts and improved homogeneity of image contrast. These acquisitions employ the rapid three-dimensional echo planar imaging (3D EPI) and Wave-CAIPI (controlled aliasing in parallel imaging) trajectories for signal-to-noise ratio-efficient whole-brain imaging. Herein, we also demonstrate the multi-echo capability of the Wave-CAIPI sequence for the first time, and introduce an automated, phase-sensitive coil sensitivity estimation scheme based on a 4-s calibration acquisition. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Algorithms -
Brain - anatomy & histology
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging - instrumentation
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging - methods
Echo-Planar Imaging - methods
Humans -
Image Enhancement - methods
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - methods
Imaging, Three-Dimensional - methods
Phantoms, Imaging -
Reproducibility of Results -
Sensitivity and Specificity -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM)
total variation (TV)
total generalized variation (TGV)
alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM)
Wave-CAIPI
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