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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Schmidt, R; Seiler, S; Loitfelder, M.
Longitudinal change of small-vessel disease-related brain abnormalities
J CEREBR BLOOD F MET. 2016; 36(1): 26-39. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Koini Marisa
Schmidt Reinhold
Seiler Stephan
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Number of Figures: 2
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Abstract:
Knowledge about the longitudinal change of cerebral small-vessel disease–related magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities increases our pathophysiologic understanding of cerebral microangiopathy. The change of specific lesion types may also serve as secondary surrogate endpoint in clinical trials. A surrogate endpoint needs to progress fast enough to allow monitoring of treatment effects within a reasonable time period, and change of the brain abnormality needs to be correlated with clinical change. Confluent white matter lesions show fast progression and correlations with cognitive decline. Thus, the change of confluent white matter lesions may be used as a surrogate marker in proof-of-concept trials with small patient numbers needed to show treatment effects on lesion progression. Nonetheless if the expected change in cognitive performance resulting from treatment effects on lesion progression is used as outcome, the sample size needed to show small to moderate treatment effects becomes very large. Lacunes may also fulfill the prerequisites of a surrogate marker, but in the general population the incidence of lacunes over short observational periods is small. For other small-vessel disease–related brain abnormalities including microbleeds and microstructural changes in normal-appearing white matter longitudinal change and correlations with clinical decline is not yet fully determined.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Brain - blood supply Brain - pathology
Cerebral Hemorrhage - pathology
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases - pathology
Dementia, Vascular - pathology
Humans -
Magnetic Resonance Imaging -
Microvessels - pathology
Stroke, Lacunar - pathology
Time Factors -
White Matter - blood supply White Matter - pathology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
lacunes
microbleeds
normal-appearing brain tissue
small-vessel disease
white matter lesions
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